• About the  Department/ Section :

ALL  INDIA  COORDINATED  RESEARCH  PROJECT  ON  CASTOR (AICRP  ON  CASTOR)

Oilseeds Section, C. S. Azad University Agric. & Tech. Kanpur

  • Information Officer
SL. No. Name Designation Telephone/Mobile E-mail
1. Dr. Surendra Kumar Srivastava Officer- Incharge, AICRP on Castor 9935422748 Sksrivastavacsa2012
@gmail.com
  • Organogram of Department (Officer  and Employee)
SL. No. Name Designation Work Allotted Work Place Telephone/Mobile E-mail
1. Dr. Surendra Kumar Srivastava Officer-Incharge, AICRP on Castor Research work assigned during Annual Group Meet of Castor every year Oilseeds Res.Farm Kalyanpur Kanpur 9935422748 Sksrivastavacsa2012@gmail.com
  • Rules/Sub rules/ Work policy(if any) : 75% of total expenditure are provided by  ICAR Govt. of India and 25%  bearded by  of  U. P.  every year.
  • Details of Programmes/ Services/Schemes run by the Departments and how these can be accessed and also provide application format to access above facilities (in pdf/ms word format). Give the full details of concerned officer.

Experiments assigned during Annual Group Meeting on Castor in Agronomy discipline are conducted during kharif  season of every year according to the proceeding. All observations given in the proceeding are recorded and statistically analyzed data are sent to  the Indian Institute of Oilseeds Research (IIOR), Hyderabad for Annual Report.

Experiments  assigned  during  Annual Group Meeting  on  Castor  in  Breeding Coordinated Trials are conducted during kharif  season of every year according to the Proceeding.  All observations given in the proceeding are recorded and  data are sent to  the Indian Institute of Oilseeds Research (IIOR), Hyderabad for Annual Report.

Frontline demonstrations on different aspects of  castor are conducted at farmer’s fields and performance of Improved technology is  recorded and it is also sent to the Project Coordinator.

Varietal development work of castor crop is done under the supervision of Dr. A. K Srivastava,  Tobacco Breeder/ Incharge,  AICRP(Tobacco).

As voluntary center,  entries of  castor crop in IVHT are tested  under irrigated condition of  Central U. P. and performance of  different entries are sent to  the Indian Institute of Oilseeds Research, Rajendranagar, Hyderabad(T.S.)

Details  of concerned Officer:  Dr. Surendra  Kumar Srivastava ( Dr. S. K. Srivastava) Associate Professor/ Officer-Incharge , AICRP(Castor)

  • Departmental policies and financial Sanction related GO’s(date wise subject wise) Details.
SL.  Subject Type(Policy/GO/Sanction) Date Downloadable Link
  • Seniority list of officer/ Teacher/ Technical staff.

Only one scientist , Dr. Surendra  Kumar Srivastava ( Dr. S. K. Srivastava) ,  Officer- AICRP(Castor)/ Associate Professor(Agronomy) is working in this project.

  • Success stories of departmental achievements in details along relevant photographs(if any).Historical Background of All India Coordinated Research Project ( AICRP ) on Castor at Kanpur

Extending castor cultivation to non-traditional niches and seasons  may provide greater stability and higher production. With this view All India Coordinated Research Project on castor was launched at Kanpur in the  year 1982 as the agro- climatic conditions of Uttar Pradesh is well suited  for castor cultivation. The  AICRP  on castor continued at Kanpur up to year 1992 and  thereafter it was closed down. However, collection  programme of castor genotypes and  conduction of experiments as voluntary center were continued upto February 2006.

Experiencing the interest of farmers of  the state regarding castor cultivation and considering the research work performed at  Oilseeds Section , Dr. D.M. Hegde, then  Project  Director,  Directorate of  Oilseeds  Research, Hyderabad took the keen interest and then  AICRP ( castor ) was again launched at Kanpur  in the year 2005. Thus, AICRP ( castor ) was started at Kanpur in the year 2006.

ACHIEVEMENTS  IN  CASTOR :

Varieties  developed for different adoptive conditions

Variety Duration ( days ) Yield ( q/ ha) Oil content (%) Recommended for
T-3 235-245 11-14 52.0 Alluvial soils of Uttar Pradesh
Tarai-4 235-245 11-14 52.0 Tarai belt of U.P.
Kalpi-6 235-245 12-14 51.5 Bundelkhand region

 

     
Type-3 : For alluvial soils of U.P. Tarai-4 : For tarai belt of U.P. Kalpi-6 : For Bundelkhand region

ACHIEVEMENTS IN CASTOR SINCE MARCH 01,2006

( A ) Newly  developed varieties :

Sl. No. Variety Year of release Duration ( days ) Yield (q/ha) Oil content ( % ) Recommended for
1. Chandra Prabha 2008 230-235 19-20 53.8 All U.P.
2. Baliya Chayan 2008(Awaited for notification) 160-180 14-16 53.7 All U.P.

(B). Technology developed by the center and recommended by the ICAR.

On the basis of pooled analysis of result of experiments conducted under AICRP (castor) at Kanpur Centre, following technologies  have been recommended in Annual Group Meet of castor for  obtaining maximum seed yield and economic returns under irrigated conditions of Uttar Pradesh :

  • Suitable sowing  time :          15 June to 15 July
  • Optimum  spacing :                Row to row :  90 cm  and  plant to plant :  90 cm
  • Optimum fertilizer levels :    80 kg nitrogen, 30 kg phosphorus and 30 kg potash /ha.
  • Use of Bio-phos :                     600gm bio-phos/ha  treated with seeds along with application of 20 kg P2O5/ha.
  •   Sulphur level :                        20 kg sulphur/ha through single super phosphate(SSP)

( C ) Frontline Demonstrations ( FLDs ) :

Year 2002-03 :

15 FLDs were conducted at farmer’s fields in different blocks/ regions of the state. Improved technology was found to be more profitable vs. farmer’s practices registering at  least 28% increase in yield with net returns of almost Rs. 3000/ha.

Year 2003-04 :

15 FLDs were conducted successfully in different blocks/ regions of the state. Results showed 28% over all increase in seed yield with net returns of Rs. 2200/ha which was little bit less than the year 2002-03 due to fluctuation in  prices of the oroduce.

Year 2006-07 :

10 demonstrations were conducted at farmer’s fields of the state successfully with adoption of full production technology and as a result 39% increase in seed yield were observed with additional net returns of Rs. 4982/ha.

Year 2007-08 :

10 whole package demonstrations were conducted in the state and results showed that adoption of whole package of practices increased seed yield to the tune of  40% with Rs. 6900/ha additional net returns.

Year 2008-09 :

15 FLDs were demonstrated and results indicated that adoption of  whole package of practices showed 40% increase in seed yield with additional net returns of Rs. 9454/ha.

Year 2009-10 :

15 FLDs were conducted at farmer’s fields and results indicated that adoption of whole package of practices recorded 39% increase in seed yield with additional net returns of Rs. 9925/ha.

Year 2010-11 :

20 FLDs on following  aspects were assigned and all were conducted successfully :

(i).   05 FLDs on whole package of practices.

(ii).  10 FLDs on component technology.

(iii).  05 on cropping system. The average value of all the FLDs on different aspects showed the following results:

  • Adoption of whole package of practices under irrigated conditions of Uttar Pradesh increased seed yield to the tune of 40% over farmer’s practices with additional net returns of Rs. 21832/ha.
  • Adoption of component technology ( use of improved variety/ hybrid of castor under irrigated conditions) resulted in seed yield increase to the tune of 45% with additional net returns of Rs. 22484/ha.
  • Sowing of castor + mungbean (1:1) recorded 13% higher seed yield compared to pure castor with additional net returns of Rs. 9680/ha.

Year 2011-12 :

20 FLDs ( 15 on whole package of practices and 5 on intercropping with castor + mungbean with 1:1 ratio ) and all were conducted successfully.

The average value of all FLDs  were as below :

(i).  Adoption of whole package of practices recorded 33% increase in seed yield over farmer’s practices with additional net returns of Rs. 13628/ha.

(ii). Castor + mungbean (1:1) intercropping resulted in about 17% more seed yield than castor sole with additional net returns of Rs.9955/ha.

Year 2012-13 :

20 FLDs ( 15 on whole package of practices and 5 on intercropping with castor + mungbean with 1:1 ratio ) and all were conducted successfully.

The average value of all FLDs  were as below :

(i).  Adoption of whole package of practices recorded 33% increase in seed yield over farmer’s practices with additional net returns of Rs. 29413/ha.

(ii). Castor + mungbean (1:1) intercropping resulted in about 31.6% more seed yield than castor sole with additional net returns of Rs. 17326/ha.

Year 2013-14 :

20 FLDs ( 15 on whole package of practices and 5 on intercropping with castor +chilli with 1:8 ratio ) and all were conducted successfully.

The average value of all FLDs  were as below :

(i).  Adoption of whole package of practices recorded 35% increase in seed yield over farmer’s practices with additional net returns of Rs.15822 /ha.

(ii). Castor + chilli(1:1) intercropping resulted in about 162% more castor castor equivalent yield than castor sole with additional net returns of Rs.78393/ha.

Year 2014-15 :

Total 20 FLDs were conducted on castor during kharif-2014-15 out of which 10 on whole package of practices  and rest 10 on castor + chilli  intercropping  in 1:8  ratio.

The  FLDs  conducted on whole package  demonstrations during kharif– 2014-15 recorded overall  increase in seed  yield by 34 % as compared to FP. The additional net returns (ANR) were Rs. 17306/ha and the B : C ratio  was 3.81 and 3.18 in IT and FP respectively.

Castor + chilli  recorded  164 %  increase  in  castor equivalent yield  as compared to sole  castor. Improved technology gave an additional net returns (ANR) of Rs. 79411/ha and the B : C ratio  of 4.92 as compared to farmers’ practices.

Year 2015-16 :

Total 15 FLDs were conducted on castor during kharif-2015-16 out of which 05 on whole package of practices  and rest 10 on castor + pigeonpea  intercropping  in 1:1  ratio.

Five FLDs were conducted on whole package  under irrigated condition.  Whole package included improved cultivar, optimum spacing,  recommended dose of fertilizers and need based plant protection measures. The  FLDs  conducted on whole package  demonstrations during kharif– 2015-16 recorded overall  increase in seed  yield by 29.3 % as compared to FP. The additional net returns (ANR) were Rs. 10189/ha and the B : C ratio  was 2.62 and 2.32 in IT and FP respectively.

Castor + pigeonpea recorded  176.9 %  increase  in  castor equivalent yield  as compared to sole  castor. Improved technology gave an additional net returns (ANR) of Rs. 69419/ha and the B : C ratio  of 5.04 as compared to farmers’ practices (2.29).

Project :  Co- Principal Investigator in a project on  “ Evaluation of castor varieties suitable for sericulture as well as seed production” started  from kharif-2008. Funding Agency :  U.P. Council of Agricultural Research ( UPCAR ) Lucknow, U.P.

Budget allocation of different plans/schemes along with financial & physical progress.

Budget allocation of AICRP ON CASTOR and financial & physical progress for the year 2015-16:

Total expenditure

for the year 2015-16  (100%) in Rs.

Council share(75%)

of total expenditure (Rs.) incurred and audited during the year 2015-16

Remitted by the Council during the year 2015-16 in Rs. Closing balance at the end of the year on 31-3-2016

(Rs.).

20,54,598/- 15, 40,949/- 10,81,250/- (-) 6,77,940/-

Physical progress for the year 2015-16:

Annual Progress Report for the year 2015-16

  1. Significant Research Achievement :

Experiments Conducted :  Following experiments were conducted successfully during the year 2015-16.

Experiment 1 : Integrated Weed Management in Castor.

Results :

  1. Integrated weed management practices showed significant effect on growth and yield of castor.
  2. The results indicated that pre-emergence application of pendimethalin 1.0kg/ha followed by two hand weeding at 40 & 60 DAS being  statistically at par with weed free treatment (4533kg/ha) and pre-emergence application of pendimethalin 1.0 kg/ha + one hand weeding at 40 DAS ( 4186kg/ha), recorded significantly higher seed yield ( 4321 kg/ha) compared to other treatments. Post-emergence of Quizalofop ethyl @ 0.05kg/ha resulted in lower seed yield while unweeded showed significantly lowest seed yield.
  3. The enhanced seed yield with this treatment was due to more number of branches/plant, more number of spikes/plant, higher spike length and more number of capsules /spike and a result of reduced biomass. The treatment recorded higher weed control efficiency (83.65%).
  4. Highest gross returns of Rs131457/ha was recorded under weed free   condition while highest net returns of Rs. 92470/ha was observed with pre-emergence application of pendimethalin 1.0kg/ha along with two hand weedings at 40 & 60 DAS.  Pre-emergence application of pendimethalin @ 1.0 kg/ha + one hand weeding at 40 DAS showed maximum B:C ratio (4.07).

Name of the Scientist – Dr. S.K . Srivastava

Experiment 2 : Comparative efficacy of PSB and Bio-phos on the performance of Castor.

Results  :

  1. Application of 20 kg phosphorus /ha + seed treated with PSB and Bio-phos being comparable with each other produced significantly higher seed yield over no application of phosphorus ( control) and this can be attributed to increase in number of spikes/plant, longer spikes and more number of capsules /spike.
  2. The efficacy of PSB and bio-phos was observed at lower levels of applied phosphorus(20 kg/ha) compared to higher levels of 40 and 60 kg P2O5/ha.
  3. Application of 20 kg P2O5/ha + seed treated with PSB recorded higher gross   returns ( Rs. 116841/ha), net returns ( Rs.89194 /ha) and B : C ratio (4.25) compared to 20 kg P2O5/ha alone, seed treatment with PSB and control ( no phosphorus application) .
  4. Next best treatment was application of 20 kg P2O5/ha + seed treatment with bio-phos  which recorded gross returns of Rs.114376/ha. net returns of Rs. 86625/ha and B : C ratio of 4.12 while control   ( no phosphorus application} showed lowest value of gross returns ( Rs. 52461/ha), net returns( Rs. 25915/ha) and B:C ratio(1.98).

Name of the Scientist – Dr. S.K . Srivastava

Breeding Coordinated Trials: 

Experiment 1 : Initial Varietal/ Hybrid Trial (IVHT).

Results :

Results revealed that among 18 entries, entry IVHT-1507 produced highest seed yield (2937kg/ha) closely followed by entry IVHT-1503(2872kgha). While lowest seed yield ( 2025kg/ha) was recorded with entry IVHT-1518.

Superiority of IVHT-1507 and IVHT-1503 entries may be attributed to increased  no. of effective  spikes/plant.

Name of the Scientist – Dr. S.K . Srivastava

Experiment 2 :  Initial Varietal/ Hybrid Trial (IVHT) at voluntary center Saini.

Results :

Results indicated that among 18 entries studied, entry IVHT-1507 showed maximum seed yield  (2206kg/ha) closely followed by entry IVHT-1503 (2076kg/ha)  while entry IVHT-1518 produced lowest seed yield (1207kg/ha). Increased seed yield with IVHT-1507 and IVHT-1503 entries might be due to higher number of effective spikes/plant.

Name of the Scientist – Dr. S.K . Srivastava

Experiment 3 : Advanced Varietal / Hybrid Trial-I & II (AVHT-I &II).

Results :

Results revealed that among 06 entries, entry AVHT-I&II-1555 produced highest seed yield (2653kg/ha). Entry AVHT-I&II-1556 achieved second rank which produced seed yield of 2344kg/ha while lowest seed yield of 1543kg/ha was obtained with AVHT-I&II-1554.The highest seed yield with entry AVHT-I-1555 was due to more number of effective spikes/plant.

Name of the Scientist – Dr. S.K . Srivastava

Experiment 4 : Evaluation and identification of suitable hybrids/varieties by new center.

Results :

Results revealed that among 24 entries studied entry NCH-1 being statistically at par with RCH-424, SHB-982, local variety Chandraprabha, 48-1 and DCH-519 recorded significantly higher seed yield compared to rest of the entries tested. Variety Chandraprabha  released by this University achieved fourth rank.

Name of the Scientist – Dr. S.K . Srivastava

Genetic Stock :

  1. Crosses: Total crosses:  96 ( Ninety six) in different Generations.
  2. Breeding Materials:

(i). Pistilate lines:    04 from IIOR

(ii). Pistilate  lines:   03  from  IIOR

(iii). Pistilate  lines:   08 (Local)

3. Cultures : Total  131 cultures maintained

Frontline Demonstrations during the Year 2015-16:

Total 15 FLDs were conducted on castor during kharif-2015-16 out of which 05 on whole package of practices  and rest 10 on castor + pigeonpea  intercropping  in 1:1  ratio.

Five FLDs were conducted on whole package  under irrigated condition.  Whole package included improved cultivar, optimum spacing,  recommended dose of fertilizers and need based plant protection measures. The  FLDs  conducted on whole package  demonstrations during kharif– 2015-16 recorded overall  increase in seed  yield by 29.3 % as compared to FP. The additional net returns (ANR) were Rs. 10189/ha and the B : C ratio  was 2.62 and 2.32 in IT and FP respectively.

Castor + pigeonpea recorded  176.9 %  increase  in  castor equivalent yield  as compared to sole  castor. Improved technology gave an additional net returns (ANR) of Rs. 69419/ha and the B : C ratio  of 5.04 as compared to farmers’ practices (2.29).

  • Details of departmental activities beneficial for farmers(if any)

(i).  Technology developed by  research work of the center will improve the financial position of castor growing farmers of the state by increasing their economical yield.

(ii). Production technology demonstrated at farmer’s fields through Frontline Demonstration( FLDs) every year will be beneficial for the farmers by enhancing the productivity of castor.

  • Reports of departmental programme/schemes (PDF) (if any)
  • Important Statistics Data related to departments (PDF) (if any)
  • Proceeding of meeting related to departments (PDF) (if any)
  • Annual Report/ department performance/ budget of previous

Annual  Progress Report for the year-2011-12

Castor-Agronomy : All the experiments stated below were assigned for Kanpur centre and conducted successfully:

Experiment-1 : Response of Castor to Sulphur.

Objective : To assess the response of castor to sulphur application and to identify good source of sulphur for higher seed and oil yield.

Results : Application of 20 kg sulphur through single super phosphate( SSP) recorded significantly higher seed yield compared to control. This was due to higher spike length and more number of capsules/spike compared to other treatments.

The economic analysis revealed that application of 20 kg sulphur through SSP resulted in higher gross returns, net returns and B:C ratio.

Experiment-2 : Optimization of Castor Production under Resource Constraints.

Objective : To identify the hierarchy of production factors for efficient use of resources for optimum production.

Results : Results revealed that non- adoption of weeding and fertilizers resulted in the significant reduction in growth ( plant height, branches/plant), yield attributes and seed yield compared to the adoption of full package of practices

Economic analysis of the treatments indicated that the adoption of full package of practices resulted in the highest gross returns, net returns and B:C ratio.

The pooled data of 4 years ( 2007-08 to 2011-12) showed that among the factors for production, withholding weeding alone could result in 48.2% reduction in seed yield followed by fertilizers ( 46.4% ) and plant protection ( 29.1% ). Non- adoption of fertilizer application and weeding recorded the lowest seed yield ( 804 kg/ha ) resulted in 64.9% reduction in seed yield compared to the adoption of full package ( 2295 kg/ha ). This clearly indicates the importance of adoption of weeding and fertilizer application in realizing optimum castor yields.

Experiment-3 : Response of castor to planting date.

Objective : To  identify appropriate time of planting castor to get maximum yield and returns.

Results : In this trial, 6 planting dates were tried with 3 replications in RBD in order to arrive the optimum planting date to get maximum castor yield and returns. The pooled data of 3 years  (2007-08 to 2009-10 ) showed that planting castor between 15 June to 15 July recorded significantly higher seed yield ( 2481 to 2553 kg/ha ) compared to late sowings. There was a drastic reduction in seed yield when the castor plantings were delayed beyond 15 July and planting on 30 August recorded the lowest seed yield  of 766 kg/ha.

Experiment-4 : Effect of Spacing on the Performance of Castor.

Objective  : To find out the optimum spacing needs of castor to get  highest yield and returns.

Results : It was observed that  sowing of castor at 90 x 90 cm spacing recorded significantly the highest seed yield ( 3121 kg/ha) compared to 90 x 60 cm ( 2052 kg/ha) and 90 x 75 cm (2092 kg/ha) but was comparable with 120 x 90 cm(2807 kg/ha). Higher yields due to wider spacing was due to the better growth, more spikes/plant, capsules/spike and longer spike length.

Adopting 90 x 90 cm spacing recorded the highest gross returns (Rs. 1,02,993/ha),net returns(Rs. 80,545/ha) and 4.59 B:C ratio.

The pooled data of 5 years (2007-08 to 2011-12) showed that adopting 90 x 90 cm spacing recorded significantly the highest seed yield (2821 kg/ha) compared with narrow spacings (90 x 60 cm, 90 x 75 cm) or 120 x 60 cm and 120 x 75 cm spacing.

Experiment-5 : Response of castor to fertilizers.

Objective : To find out optimum fertilizer requirements of castor for maximum yield returns.

Results : It was found that application of 80 kg N/ha recorded significantly the highest seed yield(2617 kg/ha)  compared to 0,40 and 120 kg N/ha. The increased seed yield was attributed to better growth and improved yield attributes.  With regard to phosphorus, the crop  responded up to 30 kg P2O5/ha(2438 kg/ha) beyond which there was a decline in seed yield. With regard to potassium, the crop responded up to 30 kg K2O/ha(2321kg/ha) compared to 0 level K2O (2050 kg/ha). Thus, the crop responded up to 80 kg N, 30 kg P2O5 and 30 kg K2O/ha.

Economics analysis also revealed that application of 80 kg N, 30 kg P2O5 and 30 kg K2O/ha recorded the maximum gross returns, net returns and B:C ratio .

The pooled analysis of 5 years (2007-08 to 2011-12) also revealed that application of 80 kg N, 30 kg P2O5 and 30 kg K2O/ha recorded significantly the highest seed yields compared to other levels of fertilizers.

Experiment-6 : Comparative Assessment of Yield Gain from Castor Hybrids over Varieties in Relation to Fertilizer Input.

Objective : To find out the yield gain in castor hybrids over varieties at different levels of fertilizer input.

Results : The results revealed that application of 150% recommended dose of fertilizer (RDF) recorded significantly highest yield (2752 kg/ha) compared to other fertility levels. This was due to higher plant growth, more number of spikes/plant and  more number of capsules/spike.

Among the genotypes, variety 48-1 recorded significantly higher seed yield ( 2170 kg/ha) compared to DCH-177 (1969 kg/ha) and this was due to more number of capsules/ spike found in 48-1 (67.5) compared to DCH-177 (45.9).

Economics analysis also revealed that application of 150% RDF and 48-1 recorded the maximum gross returns, net returns and B:C ratio .

The pooled analysis of 4 years (2007-08 to 2010-11) revealed that application of 150% RDF recorded significantly the highest seed yield (2601 kg/ha) compared to other fertility levels. Among genotypes, 48-1 recorded the highest seed yield (2206 kg/ha) compared to GCH-4 (2015 kg/ha) followed by DCH-177 (1892 kg/ha) and DCS-9 (1710 kg/ha).

Experiment-7 : Agronomic Requirement of Pre-release Genotypes of Castor ( AVHT).

Objective : To find out the response of advanced genotypes of castor to fertilizers.

Results : It was found that there was a linear significant increase in seed yield due to increase in nitrogen levels from 0 through 150% RDN. Application of 150% recommended dose of nitrogen ( RDN) produced significantly highest seed yield ( 2642 kg/ha) compared to 100% RDN (2226 kg/ha), 50% RDN( 1818 kg/ha) and no nitrogen( 1143 kg/ha). The increased seed yield with 150% RDN was attributed to better crop growth and yield attributes such as more spikes/plant and higher number of capsules/spike.

Among genotypes, RHC-277 being comparable with SHB-872 (2075 kg/ha) recorded significantly higher seed yield (2236 kg/ha) than JC-12 ( 1583 kg/ha). SHB-872 also gave significantly higher seed yield than JC-12. Higher seed yield in RHC-277 and SHB-872 can be attributed to more number of branches/plant, more spikes/plant and higher number of capsules/spike.

Economic analysis showed that application of nitrogen @ 150% RDN resulted in the maximum gross returns ( Rs, 87197/ha), net returns(Rs. 64781/ha) and B:C ratio (3.89). Similarly, RHC-277 recorded the highest gross returns (Rs. 73796/ha), net returns ( Rs. 51912/ha) and B:C ratio (3.36) followed by SHB-872.

Experiment-8 : Effect of Bio-phos on the Performance of Castor.

Objective  :  To utilize unavailable phosphorus present in soil for plant nutrition through bio-phos.

Results : The results indicated that the response of bio-phos to seed yield was observed only at lower levels of phosphorus. Application of 20 kg P2O5/ha along with bio-phos (seed treatment with bio-phos @ 30 g/50 g seed ) recorded significantly higher seed yield ( 2752 kg/ha) compared to 20 kg P2O5/ha ( 2263 kg/ha) alone. But this response was not observed at higher levels of phosphorus ( 40 & 60 kg P2O5/ha).

Economic analysis also followed similar trend to that of seed yield due to treatments.

Frontline  Demonstrations ( FLDs) : 20 FLDs ( 15 on whole package of practices and 5 on intercropping with castor + mungbean with 1:1 ratio ) and all were conducted successfully.

Results : The average value of all FLDs  were as below :

(i).  Adoption of whole package of practices recorded 33% increase in seed yield over farmer’s practices with additional net returns of Rs. 13628/ha.

(ii). Castor + mungbean (1:1) intercropping resulted in about 17% more seed yield than castor sole with additional net returns of Rs.9955/ha.

Breeding Report of  AICRP (CASTOR)

  1. Initial Advanced Varietal Trial( IAVT) : Thirteen entries from IAVT-1 to AIVT-12 including one local check( Chandra Prabha) were studied. On the basis of yield , entry IAVT-6 showed highest yield (1502.16 kg/ha followed by IAVT-8(1476.12 kg/ha) and IAVT-1(1309.44 kg/ha).
  2. Initial Advanced Hybrid Trial(IAHT) : Twenty one entries IAHT-51 to IAHT-70 including one local check Balia chayan were studied. Entry IAHT-65 showed highest yield(1417.09 kg/ha) followed by IAHT-70(1385.84 kg/ha) and IAHT-61(1272.13 kg/ha).
  3. Maintenance and Evaluation of Castor Germplasm : Fifty five germplasm lines were sown in Augmented Design with check Chandraprabha, Baliya chayan and 48-1and evaluated for yield and other attributes.
  4. Breeding Programme : 20 crosses were made and F0 seeds of crosses was procured for sowing in kharif 2012-13.
  5. Development of early/ medium varieties resistant to wilt : 09 crosses were made and F0 seeds of the crosses procured for sowing in kharif 2012-13.

In addition  26 F1 population, 15  F2 population, 3 F3 population,  9 F4  population, 6 F5 and 5 F6 populatons   selections were grown for further selection for higher seed yield and early maturity.

STATION  TRIAL :

  1. Evaluation of selected lines for early group in 2011-12 : Seven strains including check Baliyachayan were studied .Strain  Aruna  showed significantly highest yield ( 1307.30 kg/ha) followed by KC-58 ( 1262.16kg/ha) and KC-50 ( 1107.64 kg/ha).
  2. Evaluation of advanced lines ( Late group) for kharif2011-12 : Among nine strains studied , Chandraprabha showed highest yield( 1848.24 kg/ha) followed by KC-08-4 (1467.02 kg/ha) and KC-48 (1319.45 kg/ha).

A ICRP ( Castor), Oilseeds Section

C.S. Azad University of Agriculture & Technology Kanpur-208002

Annual  Progress Report for the year-2012-13

Castor-Agronomy : All the experiments stated below were assigned for Kanpur centre and conducted successfully:

Experiment-1 : Response of Castor to Sulphur.

Objective : To assess the response of castor to sulphur application and to identify good source of sulphur for higher seed and oil yield.

Results : Application of 20 kg sulphur through single super phosphate (SSP) being comparable with 20 kg S/ha through gypsum recorded significantly higher seed yield ( 2716 kg/ha) compared to control ( 2138 kg/ha). This was due to higher better plant growth and yield attributes such as more spikes/plant, longer spikes and higher number of capsules/plant compared to control.

Economic analysis of the treatments indicated that application of 20 kg S/ha through SSP resulted in the highest gross returns ( Rs. 81480/ha), net returns ( Rs.56097/ha) and B:C ratio (2.21).

Experiment-2 : Effect of Bio-phos on the Performance of Castor.

Objective : To utilize unavailable phosphorus present in soil for plant nutrition through bio-phos.

Results : The results indicated that the application of 20 kg P2O5/ha alongwith bio-phos (seed treatment with bio-phos @ 30 g/50 g seed ) resulted in significant improvement in seed yield (2795 kg/ha) over 20 kg P2O5/ha alone ( 2272 kg/ha) and control ( 1792 kg/ha) indicating the efficacy of bio-phos at lower levels of applied phosphorus(20 kg/ha) compared to higher levels (40 and 60 kg P2O5/ha). This was attributed due to increased plant growth ( number of branches/plant) and yield attributes ( number of spikes/plant and number of capsules/spike).

Economic analysis also indicated that the application of 20 kg P2O5/ha along with bio-phos recorded higher gross returns ( Rs. 83850/ha), net returns ( Rs. 59473/ha) and B:C ratio (2.44) compared to 20 kg P2O5/ha alone and control.

Experiment-3 : Intercropping studies in castor under irrigated conditions (Station trial).

Objective : To find out the effect of different intercrops and their row ratios on the productivity of castor.

Results : Results revealed that non of intercrops had significant adverse effect on growth, yield attributes and seed yield of castor. Castor + sesame(1:2) being at par with castor + sesame(1:1) recorded significantly higher castor equivalent yield compared to other intercrops tested.

Economic analysis also indicated that castor + sesame (1:2) recorded the highest gross returns (Rs. 105360/ha), net returns ( Rs. 80647/ha) and B:C ratio (3.26).

Frontline  Demonstrations ( FLDs) : 20 FLDs ( 15 on whole package of practices and 5 on intercropping with castor + mungbean with 1:1 ratio ) and all were conducted successfully.

Results : The average value of all FLDs  were as below :

(i).  Adoption of whole package of practices recorded 33% increase in seed yield over farmer’s practices with additional net returns of Rs. 29413/ha.

(ii). Castor + mungbean (1:1) intercropping resulted in about 31.6% more seed yield than castor sole with additional net returns of Rs. 17326/ha.

Annual  Progress Report for the year-2013-14

Castor-Agronomy : All the experiments stated below were assigned for Kanpur centre and conducted successfully:

Experiment-1 : Response of Castor to Sulphur.

Objective : To assess the response of castor to sulphur application and to identify good source of sulphur for higher seed and oil yield.

Results : Application of 20 kg sulphur through gypsum being  comparable with 20 kg S/ha through single super phosphate (2468 kg/ha) recorded significantly higher seed  yield ( 2486 kg/ha) compared to control ( 2083 kg/ha). This was due to more number of branches/plant, more spikes/plant and higher number of capsules/plant compared to control.

Economic analysis of the treatments indicated that application of 20 kg S/ha through gypsum and SSP resulted in the highest gross returns (Rs. 87010 and Rs. 86380/ha, respectively), net returns ( Rs. 61407 and Rs. 60163/ha, respectively) and B:C ratio (3.40 and 3.29, respectively).

Experiment-2 : Effect of Bio-phos on the Performance of Castor.

Objective : To utilize unavailable phosphorus present in soil for plant nutrition through bio-phos.

Results : The results indicated that the application of 20 kg P2O5/ha alongwith bio-phos (seed treatment with bio-phos @ 30 g/50 g seed ) resulted in significant improvement in seed yield (2795 kg/ha) over 20 kg P2O5/ha alone ( 2272 kg/ha) and control ( 1792 kg/ha) indicating the efficacy of bio-phos at lower levels of applied phosphorus(20 kg/ha) compared to higher levels (40 and 60 kg P2O5/ha). This was attributed due to increased plant growth ( number of branches/plant) and yield attributes ( number of spikes/plant and number of capsules/spike).

Economic analysis also indicated that the application of 20 kg P2O5/ha along with bio-phos recorded higher gross returns ( Rs. 83850/ha), net returns ( Rs. 59473/ha) and B:C ratio (2.44) compared to 20 kg P2O5/ha alone and control.

Experiment-3 : Intercropping studies in castor under irrigated conditions (Station trial).

Objective : To find out the effect of different intercrops and their row ratios on the productivity of castor.

Results : Results revealed that non of intercrops had significant adverse effect on growth, yield attributes and seed yield of castor. Castor + sesame(1:2) being at par with castor + sesame(1:1) recorded significantly higher castor equivalent yield compared to other intercrops tested.

Economic analysis also indicated that castor + sesame (1:2) recorded the highest gross returns (Rs. 105360/ha), net returns ( Rs. 80647/ha) and B:C ratio (3.26) compared to other intercrops with various ratio.

Frontline  Demonstrations ( FLDs) : 20 FLDs ( 15 on whole package of practices and 5 on intercropping with castor +chilli with 1:8 ratio ) and all were conducted successfully.

Results : The average value of all FLDs  were as below :

(i).  Adoption of whole package of practices recorded 35% increase in seed yield over farmer’s practices with additional net returns of Rs.15822 /ha.

(ii). Castor + chilli(1:8) intercropping resulted in about 162% more castor equivalent yield than castor sole with additional net returns of Rs. 78393/ha.

Castor Breeding 2013-14 :

Development of Superior Male Combiners : New initiatives in crossing Programme To identify the superior male combiners, following male lines were used in crossing programme during kharif 2013-14 using LXT design.

  • RG 3202 High Seed yield
  • RG 3135 Long raceme
  • RG 3209 Early flowering
  • RG 2787 Resistant to multiple diseases

The Pistilate lines were :

  • DPC 9
  • M 574
  • M 571
  • DPC 16

Total crosses attempted : 16

No of Selection attempted for specific traits :  Considering the yield, plant type, maturity and disease resistance following selection were attempted :

Generation No of SPS
F3 12
F4 19
F5 11
F6 03
F7 15
F8 08

Development of New Pistilate Lines :

  1. Crossing of pistilate lines with monoceous lines were attempted to develop new pistilate
  2. Four new Pistilate lines were also selected from Coordinated trials.

Preliminary evaluation and Identification of Promising hybrid combinations :

  1. Two F2s were provided by DOR for further selection.
  2. 10 plants in each were selected for evaluation and further selection.

The F2s were :-

  1. PHT-12-2 ( 10R2 SP)
  2. PHT-12-3 ( 13R2  SP)

Station  Trials :

Two station trials related to two maturity groups based on the breeding material generated / selected were conducted during kharif 2013-14.

  1. The early group trial comprised nine entries showed that KC-11-2 gave significantly higher seed yield ( 1287.3 kg/ha) followed by KC-11-1( 1111.2 kg/ha).
  2. The late group trial was conducted with eleven entries including T-3 as check. The entry KC-72 gave 1779.5 kg/ha seed yield while KC-48 with 1692.70 kg/ha ranked second and KC-08-2 with 1634.5 kg/ha seed yield ranked third.

Evaluation and Identification of Suitable Hybrid/ Varieties :

The trial was laid out with 15 entries supplied by DOR, Hyderabad. The yield performance of all the test entries differed significantly and varied from 214.12 kg/ha to 1013.02 kg/ha. The test entry PCH-111 with 1013.02 kg/ha seed yield ranked first while entry PCH-222 with seed yield 889.76 kg/ha ranked second followed by DCH-1566 which ranked third ( 809.89 kg/ha). The maturity duration of primary spike in these test entries were 142.3, 168.0 and  176.3 days respectively in order of merit.

Maintenance of Germplasm / Breeding Material :

  1. Pistillate Lines : 04( Received from DOR, Hyderabad)
  2. Male Lines : 03(Received from DOR, Hyderabad )
  3. Monoceous : 20(Received from DOR, Hyderabad )
  4. F2 Population : 02(Received from DOR, Hyderabad )
  5. Germplasm Lines : 45 old + 28 new (Received from DOR, Hyderabad )
  6. New Collections : 7 from Bundelkhand and Kanpur local area.

Annual Progress Report for the year 2014-15

Significant Research Achievement :

Experiments Conducted : Following experiments were conducted successfully during the year 2014-15.

Experiment 1 : Integrated Weed Management in Castor.

Results :

  1. Integrated weed management practices showed significant effect ongrowth and yield of castor.
  1. The results indicated that pre-emergence application of pendimethalin 1.0kg/ha followed by two hand weeding at 40 & 60 DAS being comparable with weed free treatment(2618 kg/ha) and pre-emergence application of pendimethalin 1.0 kg/ha followed by one hand weeding at 40 DAS ( 2350kg/ha), recorded significantly higher seed yield ( 2491 kg/ha) compared to other treatments.
  2. The enhanced seed yield with this treatment was due to more number of branches/plant, more number of spikes/plant, higher spike length and more number of capsules /spike and a result of reduced biomass. The treatment recorded higher weed control efficiency (84.1).
  3. Highest gross returns of Rs 96866/ha was recorded under weed free condition while highest net returns of Rs. 61156/ha was observed with pre-emergence application of pendimethalin 1.0kg/ha along with two hand weedings at 40 & 60 DAS. Pre-emergence application of pendimethalin @ 1.0 kg/ha + one hand weeding at 40 DAS showed maximum B:C ratio (3.19).

Experiment 2 : Comparative efficacy of PSB and Bio-phos on the performance of Castor.

Results :

  1. Application of 20 kg phosphorus /ha + seed treated with PSB and Bio-phos being comparable with each other produced significantly higher seed yield over no application of phosphorus ( control) and this can be attributed to increased in number of branches, number spikes/plant, longer spikes and more number of capsules /spike.
  2. The efficacy of PSB and bio-phos was observed at lower levels of applied phosphorus(20 kg/ha) compared to higher levels of 40 and 60 kg P2O5/ha.
  3. Application of 20 kg P2O5/ha + seed treated with PSB recorded higher gross   returns ( Rs. 93906/ha), net returns ( Rs. 67655/ha) and B : C ratio ( 3.58) compared to 20 kg P2O5/ha alone, seed treatment with PSB and control ( no phosphorus application) .
  4. Next best treatment was application of 20 kg P2O5/ha + seed treatment with bio-phos  which recorded gross returns of Rs. while control   ( no phosphorus application} showed lowest value of gross returns ( Rs. 58386/ha), net returns( Rs. 33400/ha) and B:C ratio (2.34).

Experiment 3 :  Intercropping studies in castor under irrigated condition of Uttar Pradesh.

Results :

  • The results revealed that non of intercrop had adverse effect on growth and yield of castor crop.
  • Castor equivalent yield also did not differ significantly due to various intercrops although numerically highest equivalent yield was recorded with castor + sesame sown in 1:2 ratio (3108 kg/ha) followed by castor + sesame sown in 1:1 ratio ( 3030 kg/ha).
  • Economic analysis of the treatments revealed that castor + sesame (1:2) ratio resulted in maximum gross returns (Rs. 114996/ha), net returns (Rs. 88454/ha) and B:C  ratio ( 4.33) closely followed by castor + sesame (1:1) ratio which showed gross returns of Rs. 112110/ha, net returns of Rs. 85652/ha and B:C ratio of 4.24.

On farm trials(OFT) : For validation of two experiments results, the best treatment of each experiment was conducted at three farmer’s fields for comparison with farmer’s practice. The experiment and its result are given below:

OFT-1 : Response of sulphur to castor.

In this trial 20 kg Sulphur/ ha through single super phosphate (SSP) were compared with control( No sulphur application) at three farmer’ fields.

Results : The average results revealed that application of 20 kg Sulphur/ ha through SSP recorded higher seed yield ( 1947 kg/ha) and economic returns ( B:C ratio 3.6) as compared to no Sulphur ( control).

OFT-2 : The beneficial effect of seed treatment with bio-phos was validated in thethree farmers’ fields in Bahraich District U.P.

Results : The results revealed that seed treatment with bio-phos (600g/kg of seeds) along with 20 kg P2O5/ha recorded higher seed yield (2211 kg/ha) about 52.17 % higher than that of control ( 1453 kg/ha) leading to higher economic returns (B:C ratio 4.01).

Frontline Demonstrations (FLDs) : 20 FLDs were assigned and all were conducted successfully. The results are given below:

  • The mean value of 10 FLDs on whole package of practices indicated that adoption of whole Improved Technology gave 34% more seed yield than farmers’ practices with additional net returns of Rs. 17306/ha.
  • The mean value of 10 FLDs on Intercropping of castor with chilli (1:8) recorded 164% increase in castor equivalent yield as compared to Farmers’ Practices( FP). Castor + chilli gave an additional net returns of Rs. 79,411/ha with B:C ratio of 4.92 as compared to FP (3.14).

Breeding Coordinated Trials :

Experiment 1 : Initial Varietal/ Hybrid Trial (IVHT).

Results : Results revealed that entry IVHT-1401 produced highest seed yield (2445kg/ha) closely followed by entry IVHT-1402(2402kg.ha). Local check Chandraprabha showed seed yield of 2185kg/ha which was statistically at par with IVHT-1401 while lowest seed yield ( 1600kg/ha) was recorded with entry IVHT-1403. Superiority of IVHT-1401 and IVHT-1402 entries may be attributed to increased no. of effective spikes/plant.

Experiment 2 : Initial Varietal/ Hybrid Trial (IVHT) at voluntary center Mainpuri.

Results : Results indicated that entry IVHT-1402 showed maximum seed yield ( 2257kg/ha). The next best entries were IVHT-1401 (2127kg/ha) and IVHT-1404 (2127kg/ha) while entry IVHT-1405 produced lowest seed yield (1273kg/ha). Increased seed yield with IVHT-I-1402 might be due to higher number of effective spikes/plant.

Experiment 3 : Advanced Varietal / Hybrid Trial-I & II (AVHT-I &II).

Results : Results revealed that entry AVHT-I-1458 produced highest seed yield (1516kg/ha). Entry AVHT-I-1454 achieved second rank which produced seed yield of 1405kg/ha while lowest seed yield of 1055kg/ha was obtained with AVHT-I-1456.The highest seed yield with entry AVHT-I-1458 was due to more number of effective spikes/plant.

  • Genetic Stock :
  • Variety Developed : Nil
  • Technology Developed : On the basis of results of experiments conducted at AICRP (Castor) Kanpur, following two technologies have been recommended in Annual group Meeting of Castor held at Zonal Agricultural and Horticultural Research Station, Hiriyur ( University of Agricultural and Horticultural Sciences, Shivamogga), Davanagere, (Karnataka) during May 14-16, 2015.
  • Application of 20 kg P2O5/ha + seed treatment of castor with bio-phos @600g/ kg seed /ha increased the seed yield and economic returns in irrigated condition of Haryana and U.P.( AICRP Castor-Bawal and Kanpur).
  • Application of 20 kg S/ha through SSP resulted in significantly higher seed yield (1947 kg/ha) and income ( B:C ratio of 3.6 ) under irrigated conditions in Uttar Pradesh ( AICRP, Castor, Kanpur).

Scientist attended Seminar/Symposia/conference/ Group Meeting:

S.No. Name, Designation Seminar/Symposia/Conference/Group Meet Place Date
1. Dr. S. K. Srivastava Annual Group Meeting of Castor ZAHRS,HIRIYUR (UAHS,SHIVAMOGGA) DAVANAGERE May 14-16, 2015

Scientists attended training programmes/ Summer/ Winter School : Nil

Seminar/ Symposium/Conference/ Trainings attended : Nil

Major  Extension achievements :

  • Participated in Kisan Mela organized by University.
  • Trained farmers for improved cultivation of castor through frontline demonstrations at farmers’fields.
  • Effect of bio-phos and sulphur on the performance of castor were demonstrated at farmers’ fields under OFT( On Farm Trials.

Annual Progress Report for the year 2015-16

Significant Research Achievement :

Experiments Conducted : Following experiments were conducted successfully during the year 2015-16.

Experiment 1 : Integrated Weed Management in Castor.

Results :

  1. Integrated weed management practices showed significant effect on growth and yield of castor.
  2. The results indicated that pre-emergence application of pendimethalin 1.0kg/ha followed by two hand weeding at 40 & 60 DAS being statistically at par with weed free treatment (4533kg/ha) and pre-emergence application of pendimethalin 1.0 kg/ha + one hand weeding at 40 DAS ( 4186kg/ha), recorded significantly higher seed yield (4321 kg/ha) compared to other treatments. Post-emergence of Quizalofop ethyl @ 0.05kg/ha resulted in lower seed yield while unweeded showed significantly lowest seed yield.
  3. The enhanced seed yield with this treatment was due to more number of branches/plant, more number of spikes/plant, higher spike length and more number of capsules /spike and a result of reduced biomass. The treatment recorded higher weed control efficiency (83.65%).
  4. Highest gross returns of Rs131457/ha was recorded under weed free condition while highest net returns of Rs. 92470/ha was observed with pre-emergence application of pendimethalin 1.0kg/ha along with two hand weedings at 40 & 60 DAS. Pre-emergence application of pendimethalin @ 1.0 kg/ha + one hand weeding at 40 DAS showed maximum B:C ratio (4.07).

Name of the Scientist – Dr. S.K . Srivastava

Experiment 2 : Comparative efficacy of PSB and Bio-phos on the performance of Castor.

Results :

  1. Application of 20 kg phosphorus /ha + seed treated with PSB and Bio-phos being comparable with each other produced significantly higher seed yield over no application of phosphorus ( control) and this can be attributed to increase in number of spikes/plant, longer spikes and more number of capsules /spike.
  2. The efficacy of PSB and bio-phos was observed at lower levels of applied phosphorus(20 kg/ha) compared to higher levels of 40 and 60 kg P2O5/ha.
  3. Application of 20 kg P2O5/ha + seed treated with PSB recorded higher gross returns (Rs. 116841/ha), net returns ( Rs.89194 /ha) and B : C ratio (4.25) compared to 20 kg P2O5/ha alone, seed treatment with PSB and control ( no phosphorus application) .
  4. Next best treatment was application of 20 kg P2O5/ha + seed treatment with bio-phos which recorded gross returns of Rs.114376/ha. net returns of Rs. 86625/ha and B : C ratio of 4.12 while control ( no phosphorus application} showed lowest value of gross returns ( Rs. 52461/ha), net returns( Rs. 25915/ha) and B:C ratio (1.98).

Name of the Scientist – Dr. S.K . Srivastava

Breeding Coordinated Trials :

Name of the Scientist – Dr. S.K . Srivastava

Experiment 1 : Initial Varietal/ Hybrid Trial (IVHT).

Results : Results revealed that among 18 entries, entry IVHT-1507 produced highest seed yield (2937kg/ha) closely followed by entry IVHT-1503(2872kgha). While lowest seed yield ( 2025kg/ha) was recorded with entry IVHT-1518. Superiority of IVHT-1507 and IVHT-1503 entries may be attributed to increased no. of effective spikes/plant.

Name of the Scientist – Dr. S.K . Srivastava

Experiment 2 : Initial Varietal/ Hybrid Trial (IVHT) at voluntary center Saini.

Results : Results indicated that among 18 entries studied, entry IVHT-1507 showed maximum seed yield (2206kg/ha) closely followed by entry IVHT-1503 (2076kg/ha) while entry IVHT-1518 produced lowest seed yield (1207kg/ha). Increased seed yield with IVHT-1507 and IVHT-1503 entries might be due to higher number of effective spikes/plant.

Name of the Scientist – Dr. S.K . Srivastava

Experiment 3 : Advanced Varietal / Hybrid Trial-I & II (AVHT-I &II).

Results : Results revealed that among 06 entries, entry AVHT-I&II-1555 produced highest seed yield (2653kg/ha). Entry AVHT-I&II-1556 achieved second rank which produced seed yield of 2344kg/ha while lowest seed yield of 1543kg/ha was obtained with AVHT-I&II-1554.The highest seed yield with entry AVHT-I-1555 was due to more number of effective spikes/plant.

Name of the Scientist – Dr. S.K . Srivastava

Experiment 4 : Evaluation and identification of suitable hybrids/varieties by new center.

Results : Results revealed that among 24 entries studied entry NCH-1 being statistically at par with RCH-424, SHB-982, local variety Chandraprabha, 48-1 and
DCH-519 recorded significantly higher seed yield compared to rest of the entries tested. Variety Chandraprabha released by this University achieved fourth rank.

Name of the Scientist – Dr. S.K . Srivastava

  • Genetic Stock : 1. Crosses: Total crosses: 96 ( Ninety six) in different Generations.
    2. Breeding Materials :
    (i). Pistilate lines: 04 from IIOR
    (ii). Pistilate lines: 03 from IIOR
    (iii). Pistilate lines: 08 (Local)
    3. Cultures : Total 131 cultures maintained
  • Variety Developed : Nil
  • Technology Developed : Nil
    Paper published :
    (1)Full length paper : 03
    (2) Abstract : 02
    (3) Popular articles : Nil
    (4) Book/Book chapter : Nil
  • Scientist attended Seminar/Symposia/conference/ Group Meeting :
S.No. Name, Designation Seminar/Symposia/Conference/Group Meeting Place Date
1. Dr. S. K. Srivastava Associate Professor/Agronomist (Castor) Annual Group Meeting of Castor for year- 2014-15 Zonal Agricultural and Horticultural Research Station, Hiriyur (University of Agricultural and Horticultural Sciences, Shivamogga), Davanagere, (Karnataka) May 14-16, 2015
2. Dr. S. K. Srivastava Associate Professor/ Agronomist(Castor) 4th UTTAR PRADESH AGRICULTUAL SCIENCE CONGRESS – 2016 C.S.A.University of Agriculture & Tech. Kanpur March 02-04, 2016
  • Recognition & Award if any : NIL
  • Patent applied if any : Nil

(1)…………………
(2)………………….

(3) Dignitaries visited with photographs

S.No. Name, Designation & Address Purpose Date
1. Dr. G. Suresh,  Principal Scientist(Agronomy) & CO-PI (Castor), Indian Institute of Oilseeds Research Rajendranagar  Hyderabad For monitoring of castor’s experiments and FLDs January 04-06, 2016

(4) Extra mural lectures with photographs : Nil

S. No. Name, Designation & Address Topic Date

(5) Scientists nominated for seminar/ symposia/ conferences : Nil

S.No. Name, Designation Seminar/Symposia/Conference Place Date

(6) Scientists nominated for training programme/conferences : Nil

S.No. Name, Designation Programmes/summer/winter school Place Date

(7) Seminar/symposium/conference/training conducted : Nil Brief note 300 words with photographs

(8) Major research achievements : (Research projects technologies generated, patents applied with Photographs : Nil

(9) Major Extension achievements (Kishan mela organized, trainings/ demonstrations conducted OFT, Other extension achievements, if any with photographs)

Frontline Demonstrations (FLDs) : 15 FLDs were assigned and all were conducted successfully. 05 FLDs were conducted to compare improved technology with farmers practices while 10 FLDs were conducted to compare castor+pigeonpea (1:1) ratio intercropping with castor pure crops. All FLDs were conducted under irrigated condition.

The results are given below :

Crop Tech. Demons. No. of farmers Area in ha Mean seed (kg/ha) % increase in yield Additional net Returns (Rs./ha) Benefit-Cost Ratio
IT FP IT FP
Castor IT vs. FP 05 02 1890 1462 29.3 10189 2.62 2.32
Castor Intercropping Vs. pure castor 10 04 4004 1446 176.9 69419 5.04 2.29

IT-Improved Technology or equivalent castor seed yield, FP-Farmer’s practices

  • The FLDs conducted on whole Package demonstrations(IT) recorded overall increase in seed yield by 29.3% as compared to Farmers’ Practices(FP). The additional net returns(ANR) were Rs. 10189/ha and the B:C ratio was 2.62 and 2.32 in IT and FP respectively.
  • The FLDs conducted on castor+ pigeonpea (IT) recorded 176.9 % increase in castor equivalent yield  as compared to sole castor(FP). Castor+ pigeonpea technology(IT) gave an additional net returns (ANR) of Rs. 69419/ha with B:C ratio of 5.04 as compared to farmers’ practices (2.29).

(10)  Research paper/abstract/popular article/book/book chapter etc published

Research Paper Published :

  • Srivastava, S. K. and Kumar, Jagdish. 2015. Response of Castor ( Ricinus communis L.) to Sulphur under Irrigated Conditions of Uttar Pradesh, India. Plant Archives 15(2) : 879-881.
  • Jagdish, Kumar and Srivastava, S. K. 2015. Growth and Yield Attributes, Yield, Fibre Quality and Economics of Hirsutum Cotton as influenced by Foliar Application of KNO3. Plant Archives 15(2): 1147-1149.
  • Jagdish, Kumar, Srivastava, S. K, Asrey, Ram, Kumar, Narendra and Prakash, H.G. 2016. Effect of Different Herbicides on Growth and Yield Attributtes and Seed Cotton Yield in Hirsutum Cotton. Paper presented in 4th UTTAR PRADESH AGRICULTUAL SCIENCE CONGRESS – 2016 Organized by Chandra Shekhar Azad University of Agriculture & Technology, Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh Council of Agricultural Research, Lucknow and Uttar Pradesh Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Lucknow during March 02-04, 2016 at Chandra Shekhar Azad University of Agriculture & Technology, Kanpur, p. 84.
  • Srivastava, S. K. 2016. Comparative Efficacy of PSB and Bio-phos on the performance of Castor ( Ricinus communis L.) under Irrigated Condition of Uttar Pradesh. Paper presented in 4th UTTAR PRADESH AGRICULTUAL SCIENCE CONGRESS – 2016 Organized by Chandra Shekhar Azad University of Agriculture & Technology, Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh Council of Agricultural Research, Lucknow and Uttar Pradesh Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Lucknow during March 02-04, 2016 at Chandra Shekhar Azad University of Agriculture & Technology, Kanpur, p. 149.
  • Srivastava, S.K. 2016 . Relative efficiency of production factors on productivity and Profitability of castor (Ricinus communis L.) under irrigated conditions of Uttar Pradesh. Internal. J. Plant Sci., 11 ( 1): 37-39.

Budget  of previous years(Five years) :

Year Total expenditure Incurred in Rs.(100%) Council share(75%) of total expenditure (Rs.) incurred and audited during the year Remitted by the Council during the year in Rs. Closing balance at the end of the year on 31,March(Rs.)
2011-12 35,51,917/- 26,63,938/- 24,22,000/- + (+) 3,28,961/-Opening Balance for the year(Brought over the previous year) as on 01-04-2011 (+)87,023/-
2012-13 28,15,980/- 21,11,985/- 25,83,000/- (+) 5,58,038/-
2013-14 33,55,793/- 25,16,845/- 26,00,000/- (+) 6,41,193/-
2014-15 32,52,579/- 24,39,434/- 15,80,000/- (-) 2, 18,241/-
2015-16 20,54,598/- 15, 40,949/- 10,81,250/- (-) 6,77,940/-
  • Tender and Quotations related information) (if any). Nil