Chandra Shekhar Azad


Home  »  Research  »  Achievments

Research Achievements and Impact

The outstanding contributions of the university have been the release of more than 200early maturing, high yielding and disease/ insect resistant crop varieties/ hybrids of cereals, pulses, oilseeds vegetables, cotton and evolution of agro-techniques suited to various situations. The generated technologies have already been transmitted at the farmers’ fields, which have contributed significantly in augmenting and enhancing agricultural production not only in the state of U.P. but also in the country as well.

Sincere efforts have also been made in submission of Adhoc research projects to different funding agencies.

Improved Crop Variety

Wheat K 8804, Deva, Indra Ujiyar Gomti, Halna, Atal, Gangotri, Prasad, Naina* ,Unnat Halna *,Mandakani*,kalayan sona*
Barley Pragati, Ritambhara, Haritma, K 409, K 1155,Narmada*
Paddy Ashwani, Usar 1
Maize Azad Uttam, Sharad Mani* Azad Kamal*
Gram KWR 108, Udai, Pragati, Sadabahar 13, Avrodhi, KGD 1168
Pea Shikha, Swati, Jai*, Rachna, Indra*, Sapna
Lentil Malika,Shekhar2, Shekhar3,LentilAzad-1
Arhar Amar, Azad
Urdbean Shekhar 1, Shekhar 2*, Shekhar 3*, Azad 1, Azad 2* Azad Urd3*
Mungbean T 44, K 851
Groundnut Prakash, Amber, Chandra, Chitra, Kaushal
Sesame T 78, Shekhar*, Pragati* ,Tarun*
Toria Bhawani
Muatard Varuna, Rohini, Vaibhav, Vardan, Basanti, Urvashi, Kanti*, Maya*Ashirvad*
Linseed Gaurav, Padamni, Rashmi, Sheela, Shekhar, Shikha ,LMS4-27*
Cotton Vikash, CAD 4*
Sorghum Varsha ,Bundela*
Kodon KK 2*
Tomato Azad T 3, Azad T 5, KS 17*, Azad T 6* ,KTH2
Vegetable Pea Azad P1, Azad P 3, Azad P 4, Azad P 5*
Bitter gaurd K. Sona
Okra Azad Bhindi 1, Azad Bhindi 2* ,Azad Bhindi-3(Red)
Brinjal K. S. 224 (round), K. S. 331 (long), Azad hybrid (round)
Bottle guard Azad harit, Azad nutan (long), Azad sankar 1*
Rajmash Azad Rajama 1*
Spong guard Azad toroi Chikani 1*
Pumpkin Azad Kaddu*
Arbi Azad arbi 1*
Spices Azad Dhania 1*, Azad sauf 1*, Azad Kalaunji 1*, Azad methi 1*, Azad haldi 1*
Chilli Azad Mirch 1*, Azad Mirch 2* ,KCH-3*
Suran Azad Suran-1*
* Varieties released during last five years.

Cropping System

The following are the cropping systems developed for different agro-climatic zone with high cropping intensity.

South Western Semi-Arid Zone Central Plain Zone Bundelkhand Zone
Fallow – Mustard – Sunflower Maize – Mustard – Sunflower Groundnut – Wheat
Maize – Mustard – Moong Maize – Potato – Sunflower Soybean – Wheat
Urd / Moong – Mustard – Sugarcane Maize – Potato – Wheat / Moong Intercropping – Arhar – Soybean
Maize-Potato/ Wheat/ Sunflower Rice-Toria-Wheat Sesame+Moong-Wheat
Maize-Vegetable pea-Wheat  –  –


As a result of good deal of agromical research work, Potato + Mustard (3:1), Potato +Coriander (3:1), Potato +Linseed (3:3), Groundnut +early pigeonpea (5:1) and Groundnut + Pearlmillet (3:1); intercropping of Soybean+ early pigeonpea (4:2), green gram/ black gram+ early pigeonpea (4:2), Lentil+ Mustard (5:1), Chickpea+ mustard (4:1) andpea+ mustard (3:1) have been developed and found remunerative under varied agro-situations.

Improved Agro – Techniques

a Thinning in mustard and Pigeonpea increases the yield by 25-40 percent.
b Sowing of over night water soaked wheat seed increases the yield in wheat by 5-7 q/ha under late sown conditions.
c Broadcasting of seedling in paddy saves 70% transplanting cost.
d The yield of maize enhanced by 4-5 q/ ha when sowing is done on ridges.
e Border strip method of irrigation is beneficial for wheat, mustard and rabi pulses which saves 25% irrigation water.
f Perennial problematic weeds like Kans and Motha can effectively be controlled by the use of 41% Glyphosate @ 3-4 liter per ha.
g If one light irrigation is given at pod formation stage in gram, the yield can be increased up to 20-25 per cent.
h Application of 20-25 kg S and Boron @ 1.00 kg/ha enhances the yield in mustard.
i Border method of sowing saves 25% seed and fertilizer in cereals and oilseed crops without reducing the yield.
j Application of bio-fertilizer ie. Azotobacter and phosphatic soluble bio culture (P. S. B.) saves 20-25 kg N & P per ha.
k Application of 5 kg borax/ha at flowering in groundnut increase pod yield by 10-33 per cent.
l Basal application of Gypsum @ 3.5 t/ha improved rice as well as wheat yields significantly.
m Psidium friedrichs thaliahum has been found resistant against guava wilt.
n Application of 800 ppm ethrel was found beneficial in uniform ripening in banana.
o Dipping banana branches in GA3 150 ppm for 30seconds enhance green stage (delayed ripening ) by 3-4days at ambient condition.
p High recovery of quality seed, the sieve aperture size 2.20mm (slotted ) in wheat, 2.75mm in mung, 2.90mm in lentil, 6.00mm in gram, 3.25mm in sunflower, 3.75mm in soybeen have been found apporopriate for grading and processing.

Seed Production

There are 30 farms under area jurisdiction of the University, out of which about 60% area is suitable for cultivation, 25% of cultivated area is under irrigation while the remaining area is irrigated through canal. After leaving the area on research experiment and fodder production, rest area is being utilized for seed production and University is producing breeder, foundation and certified seeds of different crops according to target fixed by ICAR and State Department of Agriculture.

The production of quality seed during last five years is given below:

1. 2000-01 9445.60 327.28 1196.76 80.40 11050.04
2. 2001-02 11683.21 342.67 1586.52 125.00 13737.40
3. 2002-03 10386.59 212.30 1366.19 215.00 12180.08
4. 2003-04 8339.00 221.00 1310.00 600.00 10470.00
5. 2004-05 7150.00 320.00 1350.00 530.00 9350.00

The seed production of parental lines of paddy, maize, Jowar and pearl millet hybrids has also been started in the University for promoting hybrid Cultivation.

Watershed Technology

A good deal of research work on the improvement of dryland agriculture on the basis of watershed approaches has been done by the University. Land treatment, water harvesting and super imposing modern crop technologies generated at Rendhur (Jalaun district of Bundelkhand) region increased the productivity by 2-3 times with positive impact on socio- economic conditions of the farmers under rainfed farming. The practices like land leveling, bunding, terracing, contour bunding, ridging, mulching (vegetable cover) and water harvesting structures to check the runoff erosion and to conserve rain water with a view to increase irrigation potential proved beneficial in improvement of dry land agriculture. The University bagged “National Productivity Awards” for three consecutive years for developing this technology.

The similar research work on watershed basis has been taken up on coarse rakar soil of Babina Block Jhansi in the Catchment of river Pahuja and Dogari dam. Out of total cultivable areas of 2180 ha. about 1900 ha land situated under groundnut as a cover crop. The productivity of groundnut increased from 7.00 q/ha to 23.50 q/ha with vegetative bunding and sowing the crops on contour alignment.

Usar Reclamation

Notable contribution has been made by the university in generating technologies for reclaiming usar soil. Proper bunding, land leveling, drainage, application of soil amendments, superimposing suitable agro-techniques are some of suitable measures being considered a pre-requisite for successful reclamation of alkali soil. In partially reclaimed sodic soil, salt tolerant cultivars of oilseed/legume crops may be grown with sodium saturation to the order of 30%. Rice – Mustard rotation has given higher profit as compared with Rice – Chickpea, Rice – Pea and Rice – Lentil in the descending order.

In alternate land use, Karnal grass and Para grass are quite tolerant to alkalinity and as such may be grown successfully without application of inorganic amendments like pyrites and gypsum. These grasses also help in reclaiming alkali soil. Application of press mud/ water hyacinth / rice straw @ 10 ton/ha found beneficial in reclaiming the sodic soil. The usefulness of organic manuring has been proved in rice-wheat cropping sequence in sodic soils.

In sodic soil 90 kg N/ha supplemented with G.M. (Dhaicha) or FYM (15 t/ha.) proved comparable with inorganic nitrogen added through urea @ 120 kg or 150 kg/ha.

Alkali waters with RSC value of 9 me/L have been successfully utilized by passing it through 7 cm gypsum bed in crop production without adversely affecting physio-chemical properties of the soil.

Rehabilitation of Sodic Soil through Agroforestry

Sodic soil of high pH (10.5) has been reclaimed by agroforestry system after 8 years experimentation with tree species, Acacea nilotica, Eucalyptus hybrid, Leucaena peucocephala, Azadirachta indica, Albizzia procera, and Arjuna dalbergia and pH value came down up to 8. The crop of black gram in kharif and mustard / barley in Rabi inter-cropped with tree species found to be suitable under partially reclaimed sodic soil. How ever in other experiment rice performed better in Kharif and wheat in rabi under neem plantation. Under shade of trees turmeric can cultivated successfully. Seeded variety of Aonla, Ber and Gauva also performing better under high soil pH. It is revealed from the research that Agroforestry can reclaimed sodic soil permanently with low cost.

Integrated Pest Management (IPM)

Intensive research work on Integrated Pest management (IPM) has also been taken up in the University and the production of formulations of different bio-agents like Trichoderma viride and Trichoderma harzianum has been started and is available to the farmers as and when required for the management of seed and soil borne diseases of different crops. Besides, parasites (Trichoderma sp.,) and Chrysoperla sp. are also being used for minimizing the population of major pests. The IPM modules in Pigeonpea, Urdbean, Guava, Groundnut, Sunflower, Mustard, Chilli, Okra, Brinjal, Vegetable pea, Potato have been developed and are being used in minimizing the ill effect of diseases and pests.

Recently Developed Verities :