DEPARTMENT OF PLANT PATHALOGY

Department of Plant Pathology was established in 1961. Prior to it, research activities in Plant Pathology were being carried out in the Section of the Plant Pathologist to UP Government since 1920. Undergraduate teaching in the subject was initiated under Agricultural Botany in Government Agricultural College, Kanpur in 1921. The post-graduate teaching including Ph.D. by research was started for the first time in the country in 1945-46. The Government Agricultural College was upgraded as the U.P. Institute of Agricultural Sciences in 1969 and thereafter it became the constituent department of the College of Agriculture at Chandra Shekhar Azad University of Agriculture and Technology in 1975.

Prior to establishment of UP Institute of Agricultural Sciences, the research activities were steered by able scientists of national repute like Sri P. K. Dey who was the first Plant Pathologist (1920-1945) in the Section of the Plant Pathologist to UP Government. Subsequent Plant Pathologists were Dr U. B. Singh (1946-49), Dr A. K. Mitra (March, 1949 – October 1949), Dr. P. R. Mehta (1949-1952), Dr. Babu Singh (1952-1953), Dr. R.S. Mathur (1953-1966 and 1968- 1969) and Dr. I. N. Tandon (1966-1968). Besides conducting researches on important crop diseases to evolve practical control measures for farmers, the Plant Pathologist and Assistant Plant Pathologists were also entrusted with the teaching of Plant Pathology to undergraduates in the Government Agricultural College, Kanpur.

Since the establishment of a separate department in 1961, Dr. H.K. Saksena (1961-82), Dr. I. N. Tandon (1982-85), J. Swarup (1985-96), D. V. Singh, (1996-99), R. P. Dwivedi (1999-2000), Dr. H. P. Shukla (2000-03), Dr. Kumud Kumar (2003-08), Dr. A. N. Mishra (2008-09) and Dr. Jitendra Singh (2009-12) Dr. Rajendra Prasad became Heads of the department. Presently, Dr. Ved Ratan is the Head of the Department since 2015. It has proud privilege of having produced so many brilliant scientists/ teachers/ administrators who have been heading several repute institutions / departments / universities / organizations of the country and serving the science of Plant Pathology. To name a few are Drs. Y.L. Nene, R. S. Singh, Kishan Singh. Akhtar Hussain, K. D. Parahia, B. B. Nagiach, Amerika Singh, D. V. Singh, Sita Ram Misra, R. P. Singh and Ram Nath, who became Vice Chancellor of the university and Dr. R. P. Singh is serving as Virologist in Research Station, Frediction, Canada.

 

 Faculty :
Name
:
DR. VED RATAN
Date of Birth
:
02-04-1960
Designation
:
Professor and Head, Plant pathology
CollegeDepartment
:
College of Agriculture, Kanpur
Plant Pathology
Contact Info
Office Info Personal Info
Phone :
Mobile: :
Email :
Phone :
Mobile:9839567727
Email :vedratanpp@yahoo.in
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 Faculty :
Name
:
Dr. Uma Kant Tripathi
Date of Birth
:
15-01-1960
Designation
:
Professor
CollegeDepartment
:
College of Agriculture, Kanpur
Plant Pathology
Contact Info
Office Info Personal Info
Phone : 0512-2534036
Mobile: :
Email : pclinseed@gmail.com
Phone :
Mobile: 9454032208
Email : tripathiuk-_1960@rediffmail.com
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 Faculty :
Name
:
Prof. S. K. Biswas
Date of Birth
:
17-01-1972
Designation
:
Professor
CollegeDepartment
:
College of Agriculture, Kanpur
Plant Pathology
Contact Info
Office Info Personal Info
Phone : 0512-2557641
Mobile: :
Email :
Phone :
Mobile: 09452522504
Email : samirkrbiswas@rediffmail.com
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Department of Plant Pathology

C.S.Azad University of Agriculture & Technology, Kanpur- 208 002

Information of Officer-

S.

No.

Name Designation Telephone/Mob.No. E-mail
1 2 3 6 7
1 Dr. Ved Ratan Professor & Head 9839567727 vedratanpp@yahoo.in
2 Dr. S.K. Biswas Professor 9452522504 samirkrbiswas@radiffmail.com

Department of Plant Pathology

C.S.Azad University of Agriculture & Technology, Kanpur- 208 002

Organogram of Department (Officer and Employee)

S.

No.

Name Designation Allotted Work Work of

Place

Telephone/

Mob.No.

E-mail
1 2 3 4 5 6 7
1 Dr. Ved Ratan Professor Edu., Res., Ext. & Administrative work Plant Pathology 9839567727 vedratanpp@ yahoo.in
2. Dr. S.K. Biswas Professor Edu., Res.,Ext.& other -do- 9452522504 samirkrbiswas@ radiffmail.com
3. Sri Ram Jeet Pal Stenographer Attach DAM Office DAM Office 9450329721
4. Sri Ajit Kr. Singh Comp.Desi.cum-vizu. Multimedia work Plant Path. 9935430907
5. Sri Akhilesh Kumar Head Clerk Head Clerk work -do- 9935592151
6. Sri Vikramajeet Mishra Sr. Clerk Store work -do- 9473700075
7. Sri Roop Ram Sr. Clerk Mashroom & Student -do- 9919972254
8. Sri Shri Kant Tiwari Sr. Clerk Cash & I.T. work -do- 9889203157
9. Sri Bharat Kumar Dixit Jr. Clerk Establishment work -do- 9450661557
10. Smt. Vibha Srivastava Jr. Clerk Despatch work -do- 9473929762
11. Smt. Seema Yadav Jr. Clerk Payable work -do- 9721276476
12. Sri Rajesh Kumar Jr. Clerk Attach Comp. Comp. Office 9889327388
13. Sri Girish Kumar Class Attdt. UG Lab & Media room Plant Path. 9151895076
14. Sri Dularey Lab Attdt. HOD Chamber -do- 9305188736
15. Sri Anil Kumar Orderly UG Lecture & Book Club -do- 9889823527
16. Sri Okhbeer Singh Orderly Musroom, Glass, Wirenet house -do- 9369034549
17. Sri Ram Shanker Lab & F. Attdt. Help of Store work -do- &
18. Smt. Chandrawati Lab & F. Attdt. Cleaning of Deptt. -do- 8009749832
19. Smt. Lalita Devi Peon Edu.Tech & IPM Lab. -do- 9889378976
20. Sri Ram Lal Lab & Field Attdt. Musroom, Glass, Wirenet house -do- 9335764410
21. Sri Ram Siya Ordely CIL& Fito. Lab. -do- 9794361496
22. Sri Bhola Lab Attdt. Bio control Lab. -do- 9125855570
23. Sri Ravi Kant Dixiat Lab Attdt. Office work -do- 7054893261
24. Sri Siya Ram Lab & Field Attdt. Plant Health Cl.& Multimedia Lab. -do- 9935241175
25. Smr. Sumitra Lab & F. Attdt. Attach Teachers Edu.Tech. 7897411942
26. Smt. Kiran Gupta Peon Attach Home Sci. Home Sci. 9839818609
27. Sri Makrand Singh Peon M.Sc. Lab. Plant Path. 9936622796
28. Sri Ram Shanker-II Lab Attdt. Ph.D.Lab.&Com.room -do- 8115447260
29. Sri Ram Lakhan Pal Lab & F. Attdt. Cleaning of Deptt. -do- 9793057462
30. Sri Raju Lab Attdt. Attach Estate Estate Office 9936079698
31. Sri Gopal Lab Attdt. Office work Plant Path. 8953978022
32. Smt. Lacchi Lab Attdt. Cleaning of Deptt. -do-

Head of the Department Dr. Ved Ratan
Establishment & history of the department

The research activities in Plant Pathology were started in 1920-21 in Section of Plant Pathologist to Government, U.P. with a Plant Pathologist and three research assistants and undergraduate and postgraduate teaching including Ph.D. (by research) of Plant Pathology under Professor Botany in Botany department of Government Agricultural College in 1920 and 1945, respectively with staff of two Assistant Professors (Class II, Gazetted Officer), one Lecturer and one Demonstrator. The post-graduate teaching including Ph.D. by research was started for the first time in the country in 1945-46. During III Five year plan in 1961 the Section of Plant Pathologist was strengthened with creation of the post of Systematic Mycologist, Plant Pathologist, Bacteriologist and Virologist (UPAS Jr. Scale Sec. C, class II Gazetted Officers) along with eight posts of Senior Research Assistant (Subordinate Agricultural Services-Group I), four posts of Junior Research Assistant (SAS Gr. II) and three posts of Subordinate Agricultural Service Group III, one post of Artist and one post of Statistical Assistant (each of SAS Gr. I) and with the appointment of Professor (Plant Pathology Plant Pathology section of the Botany department was elevated to a status of a separate Department of Plant Pathology.

In 1969 the newly created Department of Plant Pathology of Government Agricultural College and the Section of Plant Pathologist to Govt. U.P. were integrated under Professor & Head, Department of Plant Pathology in newly upgraded U.P. Institute of Agricultural Sciences with the creation of two posts of Class I (UPAS Sr. scale– Gazetted Officer) as Plant Bacteriologist and Plant Virologist, three posts of Class II (UPAS Jr. Scale, Gazetted Officer) as Assistant Plant Pathologist (Seed Pathologist), Assistant Plant Pathologist (Nematology) and Extension Pathologist during IV Five year plan. Later on, in 1975, U.P. Institute of Agricultural Sciences was further elevated to the status of the present Chandra Shekhar Azad University of Agriculture & Technology and the Department of Plant Pathology became a constituent of College of Agriculture of the University.

The first Plant Pathologist in the Section of Plant Pathologist to Government Uttar Pradesh was Dr. P. K. Dey (1920 -1945) and subsequent Plant Pathologists were Dr. U. B. Singh (1946-1949), Dr. A. K. Mitra (March 1949-October 1949), Dr. P. R. Mehta (1949-1952), Dr. Babu Singh (1952-1953), Dr. R. S. Mathur (1953-1966; 1968-March 1969) and Dr. I. N. Tandon (1966-1968). Since the creation of separate department, the Professor & Heads were Dr. H. K. Saksena (July, 1961- Dec. 20, 1982), Dr. I. N. Tandon (Dec. 21, 1982-June 30, 1985), Dr. Jagdish Swarup (July 1, 1985- Sept. 12, 1996), Dr. D.V. Singh (Sept 13, 1996- Sept 9, 1999), Dr. R.P. Dwivedi (Sept 10, 1999-July 14,2000), Dr. H. P. Shukla (July 15, 2000-July 17, 2003) and Dr. Kumud Kumar (July 18, 2003- continuing).

 

Mandate of the department
  • To impart teaching in Plant Pathology at B.Sc. (Ag. & A.H) Hon., M.Sc. (Ag.) and Ph.D. levels. )
  • To impart teaching in Plant Pathology at B.Sc. (Ag. & A.H) Hon., M.Sc. (Ag.) and Ph.D. levels.
  • Survey and surveillance of plant diseases in the area jurisdiction of the university.
  • To screen out the seed samples of various crops for the presence of seed borne pathogens and to develop their detection methods, mechanism of infection and transmission and control.
  • To screen out the seed samples of various crops for the presence of seed borne pathogens and to develop their detection methods, mechanism of infection and transmission and control.
  • To recommend practical measures of plant disease control for adoption on the cultivator’s field through extension agencies of the university and the State of U.P.
  • To impart in-service training on management of diseases and mushroom production technology to extension workers, development staff, small entrepreneurs and progressive farmers etc.

    Besides, samples received at seed testing lab. are also tested for the designated diseases for issuing the seed health certificate and phyto-sanitary certificate for the seeds/ planting materials/ packaging material meant for export. Inspections are carried out for PEQ facilities and objectionable diseases in flowers/ seeds/ planting materials in the importing units as per Seed Act 2006. .

 

The Faculty

At present there are one Professor and Head, nine Associate Professors and seven Assistant Professors Fig 1 against the sanctioned strength of one Professor & Head, four Associate Professors and fourteen Assistant Professors. In addition, four Research Assistants (Dieing cadre) are also working in the department. These are specialists in different fields and trained regularly to update their knowledge from time to time through the summer institutes/ various training programmes. They are required to impart the UG, PG teaching as per ICAR Norms and guide the research work of the M.Sc. (Ag) and Ph.D. students; to conduct researches in thrust areas of plant pathology. Some of the members of the department are also engaged in supervising several works at university level like security, estate maintenance, warden-ship and editorial in several bulletins and Farm Science Journal. Till to date they have organized three symposia; run nine ad hoc projects funded by ICAR/DST/UPCAR; organized summer institutes; (one on seed Pathology and two on multimedia) developed four UG manuals and five interactive teaching modules for UG and PG students; synthesized and validated the IPM modules; and written fifteen books on the subject besides publishing the research papers and book chapters. Their expertise and experiences have been narrated in the table 1.

Table: Faculty members, their experience and expertise

S. No. Name Designation Experience Specialization
1 Dr. Mukesh Srivastava Assoc. Prof. 15 years Fungal Pathology, Multimedia
2 Dr. Ved Ratan Asstt. Prof. 19 years Mushroom cultivation,
3 Dr. M. D. Yadav Asstt. Prof. 40 years Plant Pathology
4 Dr. Anis Khan Asstt. Prof. 24 years Nemotology
5 Dr. S. K. Biswas Asstt. Prof. 5 years Fungal Pathology
6 Dr. A.S.Srivastava Res.Asstt. 21 years Fisheries
7 Dr.Ramesh Yadav Res. Asstt. 23 years Plant Pathology
8 Shiv Ram Res. Asstt. 19 years Plant Pathology

 

Infrastructure and facilities available in the department
The department owns hundred year old building constructed during British period covering an area of 927 sq M. It embodies sitting rooms, lecture theatres, laboratories, equipments and computer labs, etc. [Lay-out plan enclosed]
 
Building:
The department owns a British period building which include 2 lecture theatres; 2 practical room; seed pathology lab.; plant virology, bacteriology and IPM lab. of chick wilt with conference room and exhibition gallery (under construction); one glasshouse (under renovation); one jolly house; spawn production lab. (Under construction); multimedia lab.; computer lab.; bio-control lab.; Committee hall equipped with sound system and central instrument lab. (an university facility)
Equipments:
Basic equipments include student microscopes, sophisticated advanced compound and stereoscopic microscopes with camera and CCTV, electronic balance, Oven, BOD incubators, PCR, Gel doc, ELISA reader, Gel electrophoresis, pH meter, deep freeze (-20 degree Celsius), OHP and slide projectors. LCD projector, digital camera.
 
Books:
Basic plant pathological books are available in the central Library as well as departmental book club. The departmental book club is regularly enriched with the books and journals and bulletins donated by the retired faculty members. It also caters the news papers subscribed by the faculty members of the department
During last four years sufficient infrastructure has been developed besides the achievements by the faculty member and the students of the department as listed below:
  • A research laboratory equipped with aseptic inoculation chamber, temperature controlled incubation chamber fitted artificial light, NUV light lamps, aseptic dust proof room having recent stereoscopic microscopes, compound microscope with photographic and CCTV arrangements, other instruments was established for diagnosing the seed-borne pathogens in regular seed health testing programme during the 1995-96.
  • Under DST-FIST Level I funding I have been able to establish
  • A computer lab with internet facilities for the students and staff members of the department during 2005. This lab contains six computers, net work, and printers.
  • A molecular lab equipped with gel electrophoresis, PCR and stereoscopic microscope with photographic arrangements
  • Under ICAR-IPM funded scheme the B.Sc.(Ag) has been renovated and labs for the production of NPV, Pseudomonas and Trichoderma have been developed. A provision for a training cum conference hall equipped with the modern audio-visual projections during 2006-07.
  • Under Macro-mode Yojana and Mega Seed Production Schemes of U.P. Govt. and Government of India respectively, spawn production labs with equipments and mushroom production room have been developed. This lab has been generating fund by selling the spawn of four species of mushroom.
  • Setting up of facilities for Hand on training on ‘Production and Processing of mushroom’ and ‘Development of methodology of multimedia package for agriculture communication’ for UG students under ICAR funded scheme for experimental learning.

 

Academic activities
The department has enjoyed a unique distinction of starting the postgraduate teaching in plant pathology for the first time in the country in 1945. On an average every year M.Sc. (Ag) degree in Plant Pathology is awarded to ten to eleven students and Ph.D. degree to two students. Uptil now, M.Sc. (Ag) in Plant Pathology has been awarded to 360 students and Ph.D. degree in Plant Pathology to 125 students. We have adopted the recommendations of III Dean Committee in toto since August 2003 for M.Sc. and since August 2004 for Ph.D. So for as courses and curriculum and evaluation systems are concerned. Modern teaching methods with the use of transparencies, slides, C.D., OHP/LCD/projector etc. are also utilized in imparting teaching, Time-table, lecture synopsis, practical manuals of the courses at UG level were given to the student at the time of registration. Quiz, mid term, final examinations were performed as per the calendar given by the Dean and evaluated externally (70%) and internally (30%).
Current student strength at M.Sc (Ag) level: 24
Current strength of Ph.D students: 5
Table 2: Degree wise students output since 2000
Degree 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2005
M.Sc (Ag) 10 5 9 11 10 11 11
Ph.D. 2 3 7 4 4 3 8
Courses offered by the department
Table 3: B.Sc (Ag) courses (semester wise break up)
Course code
Name
Credit hour
Instructors Semester
PPA 101 Introductory Plant 2+1 Drs Udit Narain, Jitendra Singh, II
Pathology Mukesh Srivastava, S.K.Biswas, Anis Khan and Mahant Singh
PPA 201 Crop Diseases and their management 2+1 Drs S.B.singh, D.P.Tripathi, M. Rai, Ved Ratan, Ramesh Singh. III
PPA 202 Mushroom Cultivation 0+1 Drs P.N.Singh, Ved Ratan, Mandvi Singh and Shiv Ram IV
Three courses 7
Table 4: M.Sc (Ag) courses programme semester wise break up
Name Credit hour Instructors Semester
A. Major Courses
PPA 501 Introductory Mycology 2+1 Drs Kumud Kumar, Udit Narain, Jitendra Singh, S.K.Biswas, I
PPA 502 Introductory Bacteriology 2+1 Drs S. S. L. Srivastava, S.K.Biswas I
PPA 503 Introductory Virology 2+1 Drs D .P. Tripathi, Mohd Akram, M. D. Yadav I
PPA 504 Principal of Plant Pathology 3+0 Dr. Mukesh Srivastava and S.K.Biswas II
PPA 599 Seminar 0+1 To be announced every (One Associate Proffessor) III
B. Optional courses
PPA 505 Plant Disease Management 2+1 Drs. Mukesh Srivastava and S. K. Biswas III
PPA 506 Fungal Diseases of Field Crops 2+1 Drs. Muneshwar Rai, Ved Ratan and P.N.Singh II
PPA 507 Fungal Diseases of Fruits and Ornamental crops 2+1 Drs. S.B.singh and Mandvi Singh II
PPA 508 Seed Pathology 2+1 Drs Kumud Kumar, Jitendra Singh and Mohd. Akram III
PPA 509 Fungal Diseases Vegetable Crops 1+1 Drs S. B. Singh, Mandvi Singh and M.R.Dabas II
PPA 510 Plant Pathological Techniques 0+2 Drs. Kumud Kumar, Mohd. Akram, Mandvi Singh, Jitendra Singh and Udit Narain I
C. Supporting courses
AES 513 Basic Statistics, Experimental Design 2+1 Economics Department I
PPA 512 Economic Nematodology 2+2 Drs R.S. Kamalwanshi, Anis and A. S.Srivastava IV
  IPM 2+1 Entomology Department Open
    40    
 

PPA 600 Thesis 15   I -IV
       

Table 5: Ph.D courses programme semester wise break up

Course code Name Credit hour Instructors
A. Major Courses
PPA 601 Advanced Virology 2+1 Drs D .P. Tripathi, Mohd Akram II
PPA 602 Advanced Mycology 2+1 Drs Udit Narain, P.N.Singh, Mandvi Singh and S. K. Biswas, I
PPA 603 Advanced Bacteriology 2+1 Drs S. S. L. Srivastava, S. K. Biswas and M.Rai II
PPA 604 Molecular and Biotechnological Plant Pathology 3+0 Drs Mohd Akram and S.K.Biswas II
PPA 605 Epiphytology, Forecasting and Assessment of losses 2+1 Dr. Mukesh Srivastava and Kumud Kumar I
PPA 699 Seminar 0+1 Advisory Committee and Major Advisor II
Total
B. Supporting courses (other two departments) 9    
AES Advances in Statistics
2+1 Economics department  
Total 25    
Thesis 45   I-VI
Total 70    
Symposium /conferences attended by the students: The department encourages the participation and presentation of research work of the PG students in the symposium / conference / seminar. During last five years the PG students in various conferences presented more than 20 papers. One of the students Mr. Rakesh Kumar Gangwar was awarded Travel Sponsorship by IPS, New Delhi in 2004. Mr. Griesh Chand was awarded Best poster award in Zonal chapter meeting and National seminar organized by ISMPP, Udaipur held at Lucknow in 2003. Several students have attended seminars/symposia organized by local college and university and presented their paper under the direction of Dr. Mohd Akram, Assistant Professor of the department during 2005 and 2006
Alumni of the Department become stalwarts nationally and internationally

The department has proud of having produced many brilliant students who had/have been heading top institutions / departments/ universities of the country and serving the science of plant pathology. To name a few are Drs Y.L. Nene, R. S. Singh, Kishan Singh, Akhtar Hussain, K. D. Parahia, B.B. Nagiach, Amerika Singh, D.V. Singh, Sita Ram Misra, R.P.Singh and Ram Nath. Dr. Ram Nath became the Vice Chancellor of the University and Dr. R. P. Singh is serving as Virologist in Research Station, Frediction, Canada.
Student placement: During last seven years, 23 students were awarded Ph.D. degree and all of them got employments. Dr. A. K. Sinha became ARS.

Table 7: List of students got placement during last seven years 
S. No. Name of the student Placement
1. Dr, Prashant Misra S. B.Patel Agriculture University, Modipuram, Merrut
2. Ram Khelawan Maurya Administrative Officer, Govt. Hospital, Sitapur
3. Ramesh Singh Lecturer, T. D.College Jaunpur
4. Dr. R. K. Dey Sr. Scientist, Jute Research Institute, Barrakpur
5. Dr. Pradeep Kumar Cane Development Inspector, U.P.Govt.
6. Dr. Anil Kumar Singh SMS, KKV, Jabalpur
7. Dr. Narendra Singh Asstt. Prof., Oilseeds Section, CSAUA&T, Kanpur
8. Dr. Rakesh Kumar Prajapati R.A., IIPR, Kalyanpur, Kanpur
9. Dr. Dr. Ram Palat SMS, Plant Protection, KVK, Fatehpur
10. Dr. Kuwar Singh Lecturer, Merrut
11. Dr. Ajit Singh Asstt. Prof., Indira Gandhi Agric. Univ., Raipur, M.P.
12. Dr. Bhupendra Singh SMS, KVK, Kannauj
13. Dr. Chet Ram Prajapati Sugarcane Development Officer
14 Dr.Gireesh Chand SMS, KVK,Ballia NDUA&T, Faizabad
15. Dr. Chandra Mohan Sharma Development Officer, Dena Bank
16 Dr. Pinky Rani Development Officer, SBI
17. Dr. Bipin Kumar Dhanuka
18. Dr.Rakesh Kumar Gangwar Dhanuka
19 Dr. Santosh Kumar Singh Dhanuka
20 Dr.Ashok Kumar Singh Dhanuka
21 Dr. Upesh Kumar SMS, KVK, Gwalior
Fellowships/ awards achieved by the PG students
  • Two to three students used to get ICAR Junior Fellowship every year.
  • Award: Chancellor silver medal was awarded to Dr. Kumud Kumar for being the best postgraduate student among all the faculties of the Kanpur University in 1968; Chancellor Bronze Medal to Dr. Mukesh Srivastava in 1988; College Golden Jubilee Gold Medal to Dr. Dharam Raj Singh, Amerika Singh, Dr. Kumud Kumar in 1963, 1964 and 1968, respectively; Sri Sita Ram Jaipuria Gold Medal to Kumud Kumar in 1968; Gold Medal to Yogendra Singh in 1991, Sanjay Pawar in 2002, Pinky Rani in 2002; Vinay Verma Memeorial Medal to the topper of the Plant Pathology every year since its establishment.
  • Games: Twenty students including Mukesh Srivastava, Anil Kumar Singh, Bhupendra Singh, Santosh Bali Pandey, Pawan Kumar and Gajendra Pratap Singh were the members of University team in various games. Anil Kumar Singh was the University Champion during 1997.
  • NET/ARS/(NET-ICAR):Ten students have qualified the NET (UGC/ARS(NET-ICAR).
Extra-curricular activity: To promote the interaction between students and teachers a society was formed in 2004 in the department with an objective to have a better understanding between the postgraduate students and professors in a cordial environment. Under this forum two bulletins namely Chane Ke Rog aur unke upchar and Mushroom Utpadan were published during 2005 and are being sold in order to recover the expenses incurred in it. In the authors were students and staff members.

 

Research achievements

The research activities in the department are being carried out through various units viz., bacteriology, plant virology, plant pathology, mycology, seed pathology and nematology for finding out better and more effective eco-friendly management strategies against the disease of agricultural crops caused by plant pathogens.

A. Genetic stock of various crops is regularly screened out under natural as well as artificial condition of infection with an object to provide resistant donor for resistant breeding programme against disease and to assess the performance of released varieties. The department has provided resistant donor for developing following resistant moderately resistant varieties like in chickpea vars. Avrodhi, KWR108, Udai against root rot and wilt; wheat var. Deva against rust, var. Halna against Karnal Bunt ; barley var. Jyoti, Amber, Manjari, Haritma and Jagriti against smut and stripe disease; linseed var. Padmini and Rashmi against wilt; lentil var. Mallika against rust; field pea vars. Sapna and Swati, Rachna and Shikha against powdery mildew; pigeon pea var. KA-32-1 (Amar) and KA 91-25 (Azad) against sterility mosaic and wilt; vegetable pea Azad P-3 against powdery mildew; and paddy var. User 1 against bacterial blight and bacterial streak.
B. New chemicals and other eco-friendly methods are also screened regularly for their effectiveness in the management of plant disease caused by fungi, bacteria, viruses and nematodes.
  • General seed treatment with Thiram before sowing has been found beneficial for improving seed germinations and seedling emergence in all agricultural crops.
  • Two sprays of Improdione (0.2%) one at 5% flowering and the second at completion of flowering proved effective in checking of Alternaria blight of rapeseed and mustard.
  • A prophylactic spray with Dimethioate or methyl-o- demeton 1 litre or phosphamidon 250 ml. per hectare to check the insect vector on 21 day old crop was found to control the yellow vein mosaic and crinckle of urd and mungbean.
  • Seed treatment of groundnut with carbofuran @3g/g seed along with application of phorate @2.0Kga.i/ha proved beneficial for the control of root knot nematode.
  • Topsin M proved effective in controlling white rust of mustard.
  • Intercropping of sesame and groundnut (1:1) and soil application of phorate was found best for controlling the bud necrosis disease.
  • Seed treatment with Streptocycline (100ppm) followed by application of four sprays of Streptomycin +Blue Copper –50 (50ppm+500ppm) at 10 day intervals gave the best control of black root of mustard.
  • Topsin M as spray (0.15%) proved the must effective fungicide in controlling downy mildew and rust of pea.
  • Seed treatment with Topsin M (1g/kgseed), Apron, Jkstein (1.5g/kgseed) Bavistin 50 Bavistin 25SD (each 2g/kg seed) were found to eliminate seed borne infection of Macrophomina phaseolina in urdbean.
  • Late blight of potato was effectively controlled by spraying with a combination of Streptocycline and copper oxy chloride (15ppm+2000ppm) at 10-day interval.
  • Late sowing and tuber treatment with Emisan (0.25%) for 30 minutes were found effective in minimizing the Common Scab of potato. This disease was also effectively controlled by irrigating the potato field at 7- day interval.
  • Seed treatment with Vitavax or Bavistin 2.0g/kg seed controls of loose smut disease in wheat and barley.
  • Seed treatment with Vitavax(2g/kg seed) followed by soil drenching of Brassicol (0.2%) effectively controls root rot and seedling blight in wheat.
  • Seed treatment with Bavistin or Vitavax followed by spraying with Topsin M or Benlate (0.2%) at 10 day intervals reduced the banded blight disease in paddy.
  • Seed treatment with Bavistin, Difolatan or Captan or Indofil M 45 (each 2g/kg seed) checked seed borne pathogens responsible for reducing seed germination seedling emergence and increase germination by 1.3 to12.6% over control.
  • Soaking of seed in Difolatan 80W or Thiram or Indofil M 45 (0.2%) for at least 24 hours was found to eradicate the seed borne infection of Alternaria brassicae with increase in germination and seedling vigour in mustard.
C. Cheap and profitable production technology have been developed for the cultivation of paddy straw mush room , grown during summers and oyster (Dhingiri) and white button mushroom grown in winters by the scientist of the department. The department has been imparting training to the farmers and small entrepreneurs for the promotion of these edible mushroom production among the rural and urban populace of not only of this state like also form other states like M.P., Chhatishgarh Bihar and Jharkhand for the last 15 years thereby augmenting their income. By now more then 3000 farmers and unemployed youths and housewives have been trained free of cost. It is proposed to conduct seven six- day training programmes on it on payment basis. Through our efforts, at present 300 viable units on mushroom cultivation are on running in and aroud Kanpur city.
Mushroom Research & Development

 

Technologies Development
The technologies generated by the department have been widely adopted and has great impact on the productivity and production of almost all the crops. By spending only a few rupees in the seed treatment with Thiram, the farmers not only get good seed germination but also good plant stand in the field ,thereby saving the investments to be incurred in filling up the gaps. On an average on the basis of data available seed treatment only enhance 2-5% yield depending on crop.
  • The crop varieties that have been developed by the resistant donors given by our scientists, have been fetching more and more areas under their cultivation , thereby providing more yield and income to the former.
  • It has been observed that plant disease causes lose to a tune of 10-30% annually. This loss has been minimized by adopting timely seed treatment and spray schedules as listed above. The farmers are using enormous quantity of pesticides for the control of disease. It is reflected form the data were in the consumption of pesticides in India has risen many folds. There may be hundred per cent control of loose smut disease in wheat and barley if seeds are treated with Vitavax or Bavistin 2.0g/kg seed.
  • The department is not only engaged in developing the technologies for combating the enemies of agricultural crops, but also in developing cheap and profitable production technology for the cultivation of paddy straw, oyster and white button mushroom in order to augment the farmers income and to provide a profitable business for the unemployed youth of the country. Considering the popularity, the farmers and unemployed youths from all corners of the country are coming over here to take training.
  • Considering the research work and technology generated in the department ICAR gave an opportunity to conduct a summer short course onDiagnosis and management of seed-borne disease of oilseed and pulses for sustainable production” and several major ad hoc schemes.

 

Resource Generation
  • During the last decade, the department has started generating funds by conducting training programmes on mushroom production technology of paddy straw, oyster and white button mushroom since 2000. It has sold bottles of spawn (seeds of mushroom). At present there is accumulation of fund in Mushroom revoling fund to a tune of Rs. 2,64,275/-. On an average Rs. 40000-50000/- is being generated the sale of spawn, mushroom kit & training.
  • There is sufficient scope of fund raising in the area like seed health testing for issuing of certificates, consultancy services pertaining to plant protection for the progressive formers and training on the seed testing and seed treatment for the progressive seed growers and extension personnel. These services are presently rendered free of cost.

 

On Going and Completed Schemes/Projects
  • Investigation on pathogenic variability in Xanthomonas campertris pv. campestris causing black rot in rapeseed and mustard P.I.: Dr D. V. Singh; ICAR funded; 5.47 lakhs)
  • Development of eco-friendly methods for controlling seed –borne transmission of Alternaria alternata causing leaf blight of pigeonpea: (P.I.- Dr. Kumud Kumar; 2001-2004; ICAR funded; 5.83 lakhs):
  • Development of Interactive Multimedia Teaching Modules on Plant Pathology (P.I.-Dr. Mukesh Srivastava ;Oct.2000-2003; ICAR funded; 23.58 lakhs)
  • UG Curricula Based Interactive Multimedia Teaching Module on Plant Pathology, Biochemistry and Home Science (P.I- Dr. Mukesh Srivastava ;Oct.2000-2003; ICAR funded):
  • Investigations on Development of IPM strategy for Alternaria blight of Rapeseed & Mustard (P.I- Dr. S.B. Singh ; April 2001-March 2003; UPDASP-UPCAR funded; 10.21 lakhs):
  • Biological control of soil-borne diseases of sunflower- (P.I- Dr. S.B. Singh ;May 2001-2004; NATP-ICAR; 20.55 lakhs):
  • DST-FIST Level I for creating the infrastructural facilities in the department for postgraduate students. (PI. Head of the Department: 2005-2009; DST, New Delhi funded; 25.5 lakhs)
  • Development of Mushroom spawn production lab. Under Macromode Yojana of Govt. of U.P. (I/C. Dr. P.N.Singh)
  • Development of Mushroom spawn production lab. Under Mega seed project of ICAR (Rs 34.35 lakh)
  • Interactive multimedia teaching modules in Plant Pathology under Experimental Learning Scheme (I/c: Dr. Mukesh Srivastava)
  • Production and Processing of mushroom spawn under Experimental Learning Scheme (I/c: Dr. Ved Ratan)
  • Basic and molecular characterization of tospovirus infecting vegetables, pulses and cucurbits (PI Dr.Mohd Akram; DST FAST-TRACK Project)

 

IDM Modules Synthesized and Validated
The studies on the isolation, identification and bio-efficacy of some of the bio-agents such as Trichoderma spp., Pseudomonas spp, Bacillus spp., Paecilomyces spp. etc. against various pathogens of gram, vegetable pea, mustard, chilli, potato, guava, sunflower, groundnut, pigeonpea, blackgram, brinjal & okra have been initiated in the department. Production technology and formulations ofTrichoderma spp. Pseudomonas spp., and NPV have been developed.

 

Other Accomplishments
Research publication since 2000: 85; Total publications: 497 by the present faculty
Book chapters contributed during last five year: twenty
Table 8: Scientific /technical Books written by Faculty Members in the Department
S. No. Title of the book Authors Publisher
1 A Glossary of Plant Protection Science Mukesh Srivastava and Udit Narain Advance Publishing Concept, New Delhi
2 Advances in Plant Disease Management Udit Narain, Kumud Kumar and Mukesh Srivastava Advance Publishing Concept, New Delhi
3 Mashroom Ki Vaigyanik Kheti H.P. Shukla and V. B. Dwivedi  
4 A Text Book of Plant Pathology. D. P. Tripathi Merrut Publishers
5 Introductory Plant Virology D. P. Tripathi Kalyani Pub. India,
6 Multimedia : An educational tool, Mukesh Srivastava Advance Publishing Concept, New Delhi
7 Padap rogo ka vyaharik aadhdhyan Udit Narain, Mukesh Srivastava, H.P.Shukla  
8 Padap Rog : Ek Saral Adhdhyan Udit Narain Mukesh Srivastava  
9. Fundamental of Fungi Udit Narain Mukesh Srivastava Advance Publishing Concept New Delhi
10. Introductory Phytobacteriology Mukesh Srivastava, Ram Kkrishna, Udit Narain Dinesh Rai Do
11. Medicinal Plants:Insects, Pests and Diseases Mukesh Srivastava, K.D. Upadhyaya, H.B.Singh  
12 Inmtroductory Mycology D.P.Tripathi Kalyani Publishers, New Delhi
13. Mushroom Cultivation D.P. Tripathi Oxford &IBH Publishing Co. New Delhi
14 Mushroom Ki Kheti D. P. Tripathi Roma Publishing House ,Merrut
15 Mushroom Ka Vyavharic Gyan Ven Ratan and PN Singh Army Printing Press, Lucknow.
  • Practical Manual on Crop diseases and their management (2 volumes), Mushroom cultivation and Introductory Plant Pathology were developed
  • Interactive Teaching modules on Plant Pathology: 5
  • Every month one week training on Mushroom cultivation technology was organized for farmers, employed youths, entrepreneurs. Consequently the awareness and the production of mushroom in and around Kanpur city and other cities of U.P. are increasing successfully. organized: more than 100
  • The faculty members are regularly updating their knowledge by taking/attending training courses/ summer institutes all the staff has got training.

 

Thrust Areas Of Research
  • Integrated management of biotic and abiotic stresses Integrated
  • Integrated pest management Integrated
  • Search for eco-friendly strategies for the management of crop diseases
  • Molecular diagnosis of the pathogens responsible for causing the diseases
  • Search for resistant donors for developing resistant varieties
  • Search for bio-pesticidal properties in botanicals to be used for the disease management.
  • Search for mushroom species/strains adopted to prevailing climate in area jurisdiction of the university and development of their production technology
  • Utilization and recycling of spent substrate
  • Development of new strain of mushroom through hybridization
  • Etiological and epidemiological studies of the new diseases with an aim to develop eco-friendly management.
  • Biological control of the crop diseases.

 

Extension Activities
The following extension activities were undertaken by this department in and outside of the college campus in coordination with the other extension workers, workers/ officials of the University and field staff.
I. Training to the Cultivators and field staff
The specialists of Plant Pathology and Extension Pathologist have actively participated and took active part in all the farmers day and kisan gosthis organised by University at Mathura, Agra, Mainpuri, Allahabad, Lucknow, Jhansi, Kanpur, Hamirpur in Rabi and Kharif seasons. Training regarding identification of fungal, bacterial, viral and nematode diseases of crop plants and practical methods of control had also been given at Block Levels in Kanpur district. Such training and demonstrations were also given to students and farmers during N.S.S. campus organised in Kanpur district. The importance of plant diseases and their control was displayed through live disease specimens, charts, photographs and posters in Agricultural Exhibitions at Kanpur and other places for the benefit of cultivators. Pamphlets covering technical information on plant diseases and their control were also distributed to the cultivators at such occasions Extension workers and development staff visiting this University under in-service programme had also been given practical training in plant diseases and their control in this department.
III. Plant disease Surveys
Routine surveys were conducted in farmer’s field for recording the development of different plant diseases. Vigilance was also kept on the appearance of newer diseases. Cultivators were guided for taking up timely control measures against the diseases.
IV. Mushroom cultivation
The department continued the programme for the promotion of cultivation of edible mushrooms among urban and rural population by imparting training and supplying spawn material. The details have been given below.
Training imparted to the farmers/ unemployed youth: more than 100
Spawn Bottles supplied: 1355
Spawn Kits supplied: 248
 
Extension Literatures:
 
Literature on mushroom cultivation and important plant diseases together with their control were distributed to the visitors. Dr. Ved Ratan Assistant Professor has been serving as Master Trainer.